Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of the included papers

From: Using staffing ratios for workforce planning: evidence on nine allied health professions

Reference Quality score* Study Type Country Setting Brief Description
AH Rehab CC (2007)[21] 1 Focus group Australia Rehabilitation Consensus statement on required numbers of allied health to staff rehabilitation facilities treating various categories of patients
Aust. Fac. Rehab. Med. (2005) [22] 2 Non-systematic synthesis Australia Rehabilitation Discussion paper estimating staffing numbers required for rehabilitation facilities
Br Diabetic Assn (1999) [29] 1 Position statement Britain Diabetes services Provides recommendations for core staffing levels required for specialist diabetes services.
Burton et al (2005) [33] 2 Audit Australia Rehabilitation Audit of psychologist numbers in ten hospitals in the rehabilitation sector of Victoria. All services reported under-staffing.
Christie (2006) [30] 2 Audit/benchmark Canada Acute hospital Identification of physiotherapy and occupational therapy FTEs per bed over time in medical and surgical wards.
Gill (2007) [28] 2 Model Australia Chronic kidney disease Model for provision of community based services for patients with chronic kidney disease via extended scope roles for dieticians and nurses.
Henley et al (2006) [25] 2 Non-systematic synthesis Australia and New Zealand Emergency department Provides guidelines to the function and operations of acute MAPUs attached to hospital emergency departments.
McMillan & Ledder (2001) [23] 4 Audit Britain Neuro-rehabilitation Survey of staffing in adult neuro-rehabilitation teams in south-east England. High incidence of staff stress due to the case-loads. Little is offered for those with psycho-social disability for example few teams contain neuro-psychologists.
Meyer et al (2002) [32] 6 Audit Australia All University of Wollongong study of the dietetic workforce of New South Wales from 1984 to 2000.
Mudge, et al (2006) [24] 4 Controlled trial Australia Acute hospital Controlled trial in an acute general setting of the effect of increased levels of multidisciplinary intervention. 1538 medical in-patients were assigned either to routine care or to care with three times the amount of allied health professional time. Resulted in significantly reduced in-hospital mortality and functional decline and improvement in patients' ratings of their health status
PA Hospital (2004) [26] 2 Pre-post study Australia Emergency department In house survey of a trial of the use of AHPs (OTs, PTs and STs) in the Emergency Dept of a tertiary hospital for a period of 4 months over winter. Project made considerable cost savings for the hospital by avoiding in-patient admission for 117 patients over the period of the trial.
Ridoutt et al (2006) [15] 3 Literature review and focus group analysis Australia All Aimed to identify current methods of quantifying AHP workload capacity and to profile the AHP workforce requirements. Recommended the use of a procedures based workload measurement tool. This tool would be useful in settings with set or routine treatments e.g. rehabilitation, community settings.
  1. * CriSTAL Appraisal Score Section B (score out of 7)
  2. AHP = allied health professional; FTE = full time equivalent; MAPU = medical assessment and planning unit; OT = occupational therapist; PT = physiotherapist; SP = speech pathologist.