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Table 6 Correlation between respondent characteristics and participation in at least one training and education programme

From: Capacity of middle management in health-care organizations for working with people—the case of Slovenian hospitals

Variable Description Training and education programme P
No Yes
Area of employment Health-care provision 448 314 0.506
58.8% 41.2%
Health administration 84 51
62.2% 37.8%
Employment position Leader 26 93 <0.001
   21.8% 78.2%  
  Employee 506 272  
   65.0% 35.0%  
Sex Male 82 94 <0.001
   46.6% 53.4%  
  Female 443 263  
   62.7% 37.3%  
Level of education Secondary 299 86 <0.001
77.7% 22.3%
Junior/professional college 162 155
51.1% 48.9%
University 20 81
19.8% 80.2%
MSc or PhD 4 30
11.8% 88.2%
Area of work Medical professional 33 70 <0.001
   32.0% 68.0%  
  Nursing professional 333 176  
   65.4% 34.6%  
  Health administration 107 109  
   49.5% 50.5%  
Age   mean = 38.3 mean = 40.0 0.016
(SD = 10.1) (SD = 9.8)
Length of employment   mean = 15.3 mean = 15.0 0.692
(SD = 10.7) (SD = 10.1)
Number of subordinate employees (leader) or of employees (employee)   mean = 28.0 mean = 24.6 0.185
(SD = 41.8) (SD = 24.3)
Number of years in leading position   mean = 7.8 mean = 8.7 0.593
(SD = 5.8) (SD = 7.1)
  1. Descriptive variables: frequency, category shares and Fisher’s exact test statistics; numeric variables: mean, standard deviation and Student’s t-test statistics; SD, standard deviation.