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Table 1 Characteristics of health workers (n = 324)

From: Association between health worker motivation and healthcare quality efforts in Ghana

  Facility ownership Geographical location Range of monthly salary Total
  Private Public P-value Rural Urban P-value <GHC 500 >GHC 500 P-value  
Variables f (%) f (%)   f (%) f (%)   f (%) f (%)   f (%)
Gender           
  Male 66(20) 41(13) 0.242 64(20) 43(13) 0.354 52(16) 55(17) 0.077 107(33)
  Female 119(37) 98(30)   118(36) 99(31)   89(27) 128(40)   217(67)
Age           
   40 years 111(34) 80(25) 0.658 118(36) 73(23) 0.015 a 135(42) 56(17) 0.000 a 191(59)
  41-60 years 44(14) 49(15) 0.024 a 44(14) 49(15) 0.041 a 31(10) 62(19) 0.000 a 93(29)
   61 years 30(9) 10(3) 0.015 a 20(6) 20(6) 0.401 14(4) 26(8) 0.005 a 40(12)
Education           
  Secondary 66(20) 46(14) 0.629 67(20) 45(14) 0.336 64(20) 48(14) 0.001 a 112(34)
  Tertiary 119(37) 93(29)   115(36) 97(30)   80(25) 132(41)   212(66)
Profession category           
  Clinicalb 154(48) 118(36) 0.689 151(47) 121(37) 0.585 135(42) 137(42) 0.000 a 272(84)
  Non-clinicalc 31(10) 21(6)   31(10) 21(6)   9(3) 43(13)   52(16)
Marital status           
  Married 79(24) 61(19) 0.832 67(21) 73(22) 0.009 a 78(24) 62(19) 0.000 a 140(43)
  Not married 106(33) 78(24)   115(36) 69(21)   66(20) 118(37)   184(57)
Religion           
  Christian 179(55) 133(41) 0.613 176(54) 136(42) 0.661 175(54) 137(42) 0.324 312(96)
  Other 6(2) 6(2)   6(2) 6(2)   5(2) 7(2)   12(4)
  1. aStatistically significant at 0.05 level of significance. Source: COHEISION Project Clinic Staff Interviews Data (March-June, 2012). GHC, Ghana cedi.
  2. bClinical staff includes medical staff who have direct contact with patients. They include medical doctors, nursing personnel, pharmacy personnel, medical assistants and laboratory personnel.
  3. cNon-clinical staff are the support staff who do not have direct contact with patients. They include administrators, accountants, labourers and receptionists.