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Table 3 Differences in staff satisfaction with four aggregate markers of staff motivation

From: Association between health worker motivation and healthcare quality efforts in Ghana

Aggregated motivating factors Facility ownership Geographic location
Private Public P-value Rural Urban P-value
Mean(SDb) Mean(SD)   Mean(SD) Mean(SD)  
Physical work environment (n = 318) 3.2(0.47) 2.3(0.51) 0.0000a 3.0(0.51) 3.1(0.48) 0.1630
Availability of resources and drugs (n = 321) 3.1(0.75) 2.8(0.77) 0.0000a 2.8(0.81) 3.1(0.75) 0.0019a
Financial and extrinsicc incentives (n = 312) 2.2(0.64) 1.9(0.55) 0.0002a 2.0(0.63) 2.1(0.60) 0.8302
Job prospects and career development (n = 308) 2.4(0.86) 2.5(0.80) 0.1539 2.5(0.82) 2.3(0.86) 0.1772
  1. aStatistically significant at 0.05 level of significance. Source: COHEISION Project Clinic Staff Interviews Data (March-June, 2012).
  2. b+SD = Standard deviation. Mean scores and SD are based on a 4 point Likert scale from 1 = very disappointing to 4 = very satisfactory. Higher mean scores SD, therefore, suggest higher staff satisfaction with workplace motivating factors and vice versa.
  3. cExtrinsic incentives include prestige and societal recognition gotten from the job.