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Table 1 Definition of variables

From: Differences in wage rates for males and females in the health sector: a consideration of unpaid overtime to decompose the gender wage gap

   Pooled Male Female
Variable name Definition of variable %, mn (n= 10,066) %, mn (n= 3,451) %, mn (n= 6,615)
Log of hourly wage Continuous variable 3.1 3.3 3.1
Annual income Continuous variable 51,615.6 60,590.4 46,933.6
Hourly wage Continuous variable 24.8 28.7 22.7
Actual hours worked Continuous variable 44.8 46.1 44.1
Expected hours worked Continuous variable 40.6 40.9 40.5
Unpaid overtimea Employee’s actual hours minus expected hours worked. Continuous variable 4.2 5.2 3.7
Gender (%) 1 male 34.3   
0 female 65.7   
Marital status (%) 1 married/cohabitation – referent 71.1 79.6 66.7
Never married 15.5 12.1 17.3
Separated/divorced/widowed 13.4 8.3 16.0
Education (%) Year 11 or under 17.1 16.5 17.4
Year 12 7.5 6.8 7.9
Tertiary education 23.4 23.9 23.1
Degree graduate – referent 27.3 26.1 27.9
Postgraduate 24.7 26.7 23.7
Occupation (%) Manager – referent 11.2 13.0 10.3
Professional/technical 61.1 58.9 62.2
Clerical/service 23.1 16.1 26.7
Trade/labour 4.6 12.1 0.7
Private/public sector (%) Local – referent 16.5 30.0 9.4
State 80.4 67.4 87.2
Private 3.1 2.6 3.4
Supervision Number of people personally supervise 6.0 6.6 5.6
Number of children Continuous variable 0.5 0.7 0.4
PE Labour market experience proxy. Continuous variable 22.7 23.3 22.3
PE2 Continuous variable 630.2 657.7 615.8
  1. Full-time employees of the health sector. Mn represents mean values.; PE, experience proxy. aActual hours minus expected hours worked by employee.
  2. Source: Work Outcomes Research Cost-benefit Survey 2005/06.