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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: The implications of the feminization of the primary care physician workforce on service supply: a systematic review

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Publication Details
 Published between January 1990 and January 2013; published in English Published before January 1990 or after January 2013; published in a language other than English
 PCPs (studies focusing on all physicians were included only if results pertaining to PCPs were presented separately) Other physician specialties; all physicians, where separate analysis for PCPs is not presented
 Male to female PCPs1 Does not compare male and female physicians
Outcome Measures
 A measure of one or more of the following: time spent working, intensity of work, scope of work, or practice characteristics2 None of time spent working, intensity of work, scope of work, or practice characteristics
 Original research Editorials, comments or commentaries, letters; reviews articles; reports with no primary data analysis
  1. 1Specialist physicians (such as pediatricians, or general internists) who may practice like PCPs on occasion (that is acting as a point of entry to the health care system, providing person-focused care over time, and acting as a coordinator for care provided elsewhere) were not included.
  2. 2Raw or adjusted results for one or more of these measures must be presented. If these measures were included as covariates in a multivariate modeling exercise (for example, for income), the study was excluded unless raw comparisons on one of these outcomes are also presented.
  3. PCP, primary care physician.