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Table 3 Strength of association between characteristics of Australian specialist doctors and providing rural outreach services

From: Rural outreach by specialist doctors in Australia: a national cross-sectional study of supply and distribution

Covariates of interest Providing outreach Univariate odds ratio (95% confidence interval)a P value Multivariate odds ratio (95% confidence interval)a c P value
  Yes (n) % yesa     
Total 909 19     
Sex       
Female 194 15 Reference   Reference  
Male 715 20 1.47 (1.22 to 1.76) <0.0001 1.38 (1.12 to 1.69) 0.002
Age (grouped by 5 years) 909 Mean 50.9 SD 9.68 1.00 (0.97 to 1.04) 0.06 0.98 (0.94 to 1.01) 0.28
Location of residence b       
Metro 616 17 Reference   Reference  
Inner regional 208 33 2.28 (1.88 to 2.77) <0.0001 2.07 (1.68 to 2.54) <0.0001
Outer regional/remote 78 43 3.55 (2.54 to 4.96) <0.0001 3.40 (2.38 to 4.87) <0.0001
Years of Rural background b       
Nil 618 19 Reference   Reference  
1 to 10 103 22 1.23 (0.96 to 1.58) 0.10 1.21 (0.93 to 1.56) 0.16
11+ 174 25 1.39 (1.14 to 1.70) 0.001 1.24 (1.00 to 1.55) 0.06
Practice arrangements b       
Public only 198 18 Reference   Reference  
Private to hospital and consulting rooms 525 22 1.29 (1.06 to 1.56) 0.01 1.24 (1.01 to 1.53) 0.04
Private to hospital only 135 15 0.78 (0.60 to 1.00) 0.05 0.78 (0.60 to 1.02) 0.07
Specialist group b       
Pathologist 33 16 Reference   Reference  
Surgeon 146 24 1.58 (1.03 to 2.44) 0.04 1.34 (0.82 to 2.19) 0.24
Internal physician 301 24 1.57 (1.04 to 2.37) 0.03 1.57 (0.99 to 2.49) 0.06
Other specialist 425 18 1.13 (0.75 to 1.68) 0.50 1.14 (0.73 to 1.80) 0.56
  1. aanalysis includes cross-sectional sampling weight.
  2. b location of residence missing for n = 7 specialists providing outreach and n = 307 not providing outreach.
  3. years rural background missing n = 14 specialists providing outreach and n = 359 not providing outreach.
  4. practice arrangements missing n = 51 specialists providing outreach and n = 311 not providing outreach.
  5. specialist group missing n = 4 specialists providing outreach and n = 357 not providing outreach. Specialist group included specialist types as outlined in Table 1.
  6. cTotal missing from multivariate model n = 725.