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Table 5 Strength of association between characteristics of Australian specialist doctors and providing remote outreach services, compared with any rural outreach

From: Rural outreach by specialist doctors in Australia: a national cross-sectional study of supply and distribution

Covariates of interest Providing remote outreach Univariate odds ratio (95% confidence interval)a P value Multivariate odds ratio (95% confidence interval)ac P value
  Yes (n) % yesa     
Total 149 16     
Sex       
Female 37 18 Reference   Reference  
Male 112 15 0.79 (0.52, 1.19) 0.26 0.75 (0.45 to 1.25) 0.27
Age (grouped by 5 years) 149 Mean 51.8 SD 10.13 1.06 (0.97 to 1.16) 0.18 1.17 (1.05 to 1.31) 0.006
Location of residence b       
Metro 82 14 Reference   Reference  
Inner regional 11 5 0.36 (0.19 to 0.70) 0.002 0.35 (0.17 to 0.70) 0.003
Outer regional/remote 54 62 14.65 (8.59 to 25.00) <0.0001 10.84 (5.82 to 20.19) <0.0001
Years of Rural background b       
Nil 103 17 Reference   Reference  
1 to 10 16 13 0.92 (0.52 to 1.63) 0.77 0.83 (0.42 to 1.65) 0.59
11+ 25 12 0.84 (0.52 to 1.35) 0.47 0.68 (0.37 to 1.25) 0.22
Practice arrangements b       
Public only 48 21 Reference   Reference  
Private - hospital and consulting rooms 72 14 0.50 (0.33 to 0.75) 0.001 0.64 (0.39 to 1.06) 0.08
Private - hospital only 24 15 0.68 (0.39 to 1.17) 0.16 0.65 (0.33 to 1.28) 0.21
Specialist group b       
Pathologist 5 15 Reference   Reference  
Surgeon 45 20 1.38 (0.49 to 3.90) 0.54 1.86 (0.58 to 5.95) 0.30
Internal physician 29 13 0.98 (0.36 to 2.68) 0.98 1.05 (0.34 to 3.18) 0.94
Other specialist 70 16 1.10 (0.41 to 2.96) 0.84 1.46 (0.49 to 4.37) 0.50
  1. aanalysis includes cross-sectional sampling weight.
  2. b location of residence missing n = 2 for specialists providing remote outreach and n = 5 for those providing other rural outreach.
  3. years rural background missing n = 5 for specialists providing remote outreach and n = 9 for those providing other rural outreach.
  4. practice arrangements missing n = 5 for specialists providing remote outreach and n = 46 for those providing other rural outreach.
  5. specialist group missing n = 0 for specialists providing remote outreach and n = 4 for those providing other rural outreach. Specialist group included specialist types as outlined in Table 1.
  6. cTotal missing from multivariate model n = 69.