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Table 1 Kadushin and Proctor’s models and the three functions of clinical supervision

From: Evaluation of an inter-professional training program for student clinical supervision in Australia

Kadushin (1960s – 1990s) Proctor (1980s – 2000s) Function Common-use language in this project (2013)
Managerial, Administrative Normative Managerial, administrative and evaluative to ensure standards, policies, and procedures are implemented and adhered to. Performance assessment and management when problematic. Accountability
Educative Formative Professional development, teaching, and mentoring. Learning style
Supportive Restorative Discussion to make sense of the emotional content of clinical practice so as to manage work-related stress. Well-being