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Table 3 Percent of providers who agreed with positive statements on the work environment, by study group a

From: Effects of a performance and quality improvement intervention on the work environment in HIV-related care: a quasi-experimental evaluation in Zambia

Items Intervention Comparison Adjusted model – interaction P valueb
Baseline, n = 27 Endline, n = 29 P valueb Baseline, n = 16 Endline, n = 29 P valueb
Drugs, supplies, and equipment
Drugs are adequate 70.3 82.8 0.28 87.5 72.4 0.25 0.006
Supplies are adequate 74.1 82.8 0.44 100.0 65.5 0.01 0.001
Equipment (e.g., blood pressure cuffs) is adequate 61.5 89.7 0.01 68.8 48.3 0.19 0.036
Training, feedback, and supervision
Job expectations are known 96.3 100.0 0.30 87.5 89.2 0.86
Constructive feedback received from supervisor 73.1 89.7 0.11 93.8 75.0 0.13 0.02
Constructive feedback received from co-worker 69.2 86.2 0.13 93.8 82.8 0.31 0.01
Provider received recognition, either as individual or as part of the team 84.6 68.9 0.18 93.8 90.1 0.65 0.76
Training is provided in critical skills 81.5 82.8 0.90 81.3 44.8 0.02 0.004
Training provided is of interest to provider 66.7 65.5 0.93 87.5 44.8 0.01 0.004
Compensation/salary
Provider received appropriate salary 76.9 65.5 0.36 75.0 55.2 0.20 0.750
Provider received timely salary 96.0 96.6 0.92 100.0 100.0
Provider received appropriate leave time 72.0 58.6 0.31 73.3 55.1 0.25 0.701
Staffing and safety
Number of provider staff is adequate 37.0 34.5 0.85 63.0 50.0 0.43 0.906
Number of support staff is adequate 62.9 62.0 0.95 62.5 55.2 0.64 0.632
Provider feels safe from physical harm when working in the facility 77.8 96.6 0.03 100.0 82.7 0.08 0.001
Fulfilment
Provider feels job is fulfilling 92.5 89.7 0.70 93.8 86.2 0.45 0.813
Department has good morale 81.5 75.9 0.61 87.5 58.6 0.05 0.459
Provider feels work is important 100.0 96.3 0.36 100.0 100.0 ---- ----
Provider feels work is valued by the community 100.0 92.9 0.16 93.8 96.6 0.67 0.001
Your work has a positive impact on the health of the community 100.0 96.6 0.34 100.0 100.0 ---- ----
  1. aResponse scale was 1 to 5, with 5 meaning “strongly agree” and 1 meaning “strongly disagree”. This table reflects the percent of respondents who “agreed” and “strongly agreed”.
  2. bBivariate results show P value from t-test comparing values at baseline or at endline. Interaction term P value is from multivariate logistic regression models of each result on the intervention status, time point, and interaction of these two, while controlling for provider cadre and ZDF branch, and accounting for clustering of responses within each facility.