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Table 1 Physician workforce distribution and number of medical schools by African country

From: The migration of physicians from sub-Saharan Africa to the United States of America: measures of the African brain drain

Country Population (in 1000s) Physicians per 100 000 population Total number of physicians FAIMER number of medical schools
Angola 10 132 7.7 780 1
Benin 6428 5.7 366 1
Botswana 1578 23.8 376 0
Burkina Faso 12 217 3.4 415 1
Burundi* 5714 6 343 1
Cameroon 14 792 7.4 1095 1
Cape Verde 0.04 17.1 68 0
Central African Republic 3501 3.5 123 1
Chad 8419 3.3 278 1
Comoros 0.578 7.4 43 0
Congo 2809 25.1 705 1
Congo (DR) 51 810 6.9 3575 3
Côte d'Ivoire 15 866 9 1428 1
Equatorial Guinea 0.474 24.6 117 0
Eritrea 4232 3 127 0
Ethiopia* 62 651 2 1253 3
Gabon* 1223 20 245 1
Ghana 19 509 6.2 1210 3
Guinea 8642 13 1123 1
Guinea-Bissau 1278 16.6 212 1
Kenya 30 310 13.2 4001 2
Lesotho 1847 5.4 100 0
Liberia 3149 2.3 72 2
Madagascar 15 506 10.7 1659 3
Malawi* 10 874 2.3 250 1
Mali 10 665 4.7 501 1
Mauritania 2668 13.8 368 0
Mauritius 1179 85 1002 1
Mozambique# 16 934 2.57 435 1
Namibia 11 826 29.5 3489 0
Niger 10 174 3.5 356 1
Nigeria 123 750 18.5 22 894 16
Rwanda* 7405 4 296 1
Sao Tome & Principe 0.16 46.7 75 0
Senegal 9784 7.5 734 2
Seychelles 0.08 132.4 106 1
Sierra Leone 5203 7.3 380 1
So. Africa 42 351 56.3 23 844 8
Somalia 7253 4 290 1
Sudan 35 080 9 3157 14
Swaziland 1,120 15.1 169 0
Tanzania 33 768 4.1 1384 4
The Gambia 1367 3.5 48 0
Togo 5033 7.6 383 1
Uganda* 23 496 3 705 3
Zambia 9799 6.9 676 1
Zimbabwe 12 186 13.9 1694 1
TOTAL/AVG 663 529 12.5 82,949 1.8 avg
Avg. physicians per country 1765  
  1. *Indicates countries for which physicians/100 000 data came from World Bank instead of World Health Organization
  2. # Mozambique data come from Stephen S. Gloyd, as no data are available from WHO or World Bank
  3. Note on calculations: Average physicians per 100 000 population in Africa overall = total number of doctors (82 949)/total population (663 529)
  4. Sources: Population data from United States Census Bureau IDB Summary international Data Base (United Nations and National Statistics Offices) http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbsum.html
  5. Number of physicians from the World Health Organization http://www3.who.int/whosis/health_personnel/health_personnel.cfm?path=whosis,health_personnel&language=english
  6. Number of FAIMER (Foundation for the Advancement of International Medical Education and Research) medical schools comes from http://imed.ecfmg.org/results.asp?country=&school=&currpage=1&cname=&city=&region=AF&rname=Africa&psize=25