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Table 11 Range in estimates of physicians, nurses and pharmacists to care for 1000 patients on ART from existing programmes*

From: Estimating health workforce needs for antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings

Data source Physicians Nurses Pharmacists/pharmacy technicians
  Range (mean) patients/FTE Range (mean) FTE to treat 1000 on ART Range (mean) patients/FTE Range (mean) FTE to treat 1000 on ART Range (mean) patients/FTE Range (mean) FTE to treat 1000 on ART
WHO site visits
Africa 105–5500 (1030) 0.18–9.5 (0.97) 10–333 (141) 3–100 (7) 105–100** (588) .91–9.5** (1.7)
Asia 217–1007 (675) 0.99–4.6 (1.48) 458–533 (486) 1.9–2.2 (2.1) 935–1678 (1306) .59–1.1 (.77)
ATSAP survey*** 250–833 (525) 1.2–4 (1.9) 25–1000 (412) 1–20 (2.4) 45–833 (329) 1.2–9.5 (3.0)
Country plans estimate+       
Year 1 88–534 1.9–11.4 112 8.9 558–629 1.6–1.8
Year 5 180–2820 0.35–5.6 126 7.9 623–2169 0.46–1.6
  1. *site with low numbers of patients on ART (<150) reported highest staff to patient ratios.
  2. **2 sites reported very high ratios of MDs to patients.
  3. ***sites reporting both MDs and medical and clinical officers had ratios of prescribing and evaluation clinicians as low as 70–286.
  4. + Plans includes use of other cadres eligible to prescribe other medical doctors. Means could not be calculated based on data available