|Site characteristics||Potential effect on HRH needs|
|Increase HRH||Decrease HRH|
|Inadequate physical space||Decreased efficiency of staff due to ineffective patient flow.|
|Higher HIV/AIDS prevalence||Higher HIV/AIDS in staff and families resulting in higher absence and loss.*||Limited staff time required to ensure treating maximum number of patients.|
|ART integrated into general medical services||Increased staff need to be trained if significant time spent on non-HIV/AIDS/ART care.||
• May improve coordination of care, particularly if multiple services co-located and make HRH use more efficient.|
• May be more beneficial as disease management changes focus to chronic disease management.
|Rural site||Increased need for longer -distance outreach, mobile teams. Higher probability of need to integrate into other non-HIV/AIDS clinics due to smaller absolute numbers.|
|Urban site||If population more transient, may require more HRH for outreach and adherence.||
• Potentially easier transportation for immediate catchment area to come to clinic.|
• Potentially easier travel for outreach.
• If higher prevalence, population may reside closer to ART site.
|Weak linkages with other services (e.g. counselling, social support)||Increased HRH to provide full spectrum of care and services on-site.|