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Table 5 Examples of specific contents of bilateral/multilateral agreements

From: Managing health professional migration from sub-Saharan Africa to Canada: a stakeholder inquiry into policy options

• receiving country financing of overtraining in source country;
• enhanced aid that exceeds estimates of loss and is separated from commitments made to help countries achieve the Millennium Development Goals;
• bilateral tax agreements allowing émigrés to remit taxes to source countries;
• taxes on remittances tithed to health professional training or health system financing;
• financial or other forms of encouragement for émigré health professionals to return after a certain period;
• facilitated two-way staff flows to reduce strain on source countries.