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Table 3 Incentives and HRM tools

From: Health worker motivation in Africa: the role of non-financial incentives and human resource management tools

Introduction of and/or promotion of:
• group-based performance awards and pay
• effort-related awards and pay
• consistent application of clearly defined sanctions for wrongful behaviour
• exposure to new knowledge (training, conferences)
• team building
• low-cost benefits that express personal appreciation (extra free time, tea during night duty)
• development of career development plans
• transparent and reliable promotion schemes
• continuing professional development, training
• supportive supervision and feedback
• performance management tools
• staff satisfaction surveys
• increased staff participation in decision-making processes within the health structure
• horizontal and vertical communication among staff
• quality improvement teams and building a quality culture
• participatory problem assessments and problem-solving processes
• benchmarking and competition among facilities.