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Table 1 Physicians born in Africa appearing in census of nine receiving countries circa 2000

From: New data on African health professionals abroad

   Receiving country Total abroad Frac.*
Sending country Domestic GBR USA FRA CAN AUS PRT ESP BEL ZAF   
Algeria 13,639 45 50 10,594 10 0 2 60 99 0 10,860 44%
Angola 881 16 0 5 25 0 2,006 14 5 31 2,102 70%
Benin 405 0 4 206 0 0 0 1 13 0 224 36%
Botswana 530 28 10 0 0 3 0 0 1 26 68 11%
Burkina Faso 314 0 0 77 0 0 0 0 1 0 78 20%
Burundi 230 5 0 53 10 3 0 1 55 9 136 37%
Cameroon 1,007 49 170 332 20 0 0 4 267 3 845 46%
Cape Verde 202 0 15 10 0 0 186 0 0 0 211 51%
Cent. Afr. Rep. 120 0 0 79 0 0 2 1 5 0 87 42%
Chad 248 0 0 69 0 0 0 0 1 0 70 22%
Comoros 50 0 0 20 0 0 0 0 1 3 24 32%
Congo, DR 5,647 37 90 139 35 0 42 4 107 98 552 9%
Congo, Rep. 670 11 15 468 0 0 49 4 65 135 747 53%
Cote d'Ivoire 1,763 0 10 262 0 0 0 1 8 3 284 14%
Djibouti 86 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 1 0 26 23%
Egypt 143,555 1,465 3,830 471 750 535 1 17 31 19 7,119 5%
Eq. Guinea 47 0 0 4 0 0 1 76 0 0 81 63%
Eritrea 173 18 55 0 20 5 0 0 0 0 98 36%
Ethiopia 1,310 65 420 16 30 9 1 1 2 9 553 30%
Gabon 368 0 0 61 0 0 0 0 4 0 65 15%
Gambia 40 16 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 46 53%
Ghana 1,294 590 850 16 95 0 0 4 2 82 1,639 56%
Guinea 898 3 15 69 10 0 0 11 7 0 115 11%
Guinea-Bissau 103 0 15 75 0 0 160 0 1 0 251 71%
Kenya 3,855 2,733 865 0 180 110 1 4 1 81 3,975 51%
Lesotho 114 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 49 57 33%
Liberia 73 10 105 5 0 0 0 5 1 0 126 63%
Libya 6,371 349 120 20 75 5 0 9 7 0 585 8%
Madagascar 1,428 6 30 878 0 0 0 0 6 0 920 39%
Malawi 200 191 40 0 0 10 2 1 1 48 293 59%
Mali 529 0 15 138 0 0 0 0 4 0 157 23%
Mauritania 333 0 10 28 0 0 0 4 1 0 43 11%
Mauritius 960 294 35 307 110 36 1 0 20 19 822 46%
Morocco 14,293 33 225 5,113 70 4 9 833 213 6 6,506 31%
Mozambique 435 16 20 0 10 3 1,218 4 2 61 1,334 75%
Namibia 466 37 15 0 30 9 0 0 0 291 382 45%
Niger 386 0 10 23 0 0 0 1 3 0 37 9%
Nigeria 30,885 1,997 2,510 29 120 0 1 13 6 180 4,856 14%
Rwanda 155 4 25 8 0 0 1 0 70 10 118 43%
Sao Tome & P. 63 0 0 0 0 0 96 1 0 0 97 61%
Senegal 640 0 40 603 10 0 1 9 12 3 678 51%
Seychelles 120 29 0 4 10 3 0 0 0 4 50 29%
Sierra Leone 338 118 115 9 0 0 0 0 3 4 249 42%
Somalia 310 53 70 0 25 3 0 0 0 0 151 33%
South Africa 27,551 3,509 1,950 16 1,545 1,111 61 5 0 -834** 7,363 21%
Sudan 4,973 606 65 17 15 40 0 1 4 10 758 13%
Swaziland 133 4 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 44 53 28%
Tanzania 1,264 743 270 4 240 54 1 1 3 40 1,356 52%
Togo 265 0 10 168 0 0 0 0 2 0 180 40%
Tunisia 6,459 16 30 3,072 10 0 0 4 60 0 3,192 33%
Uganda 2,429 1,136 290 1 165 61 1 1 3 179 1,837 43%
Zambia 670 465 130 0 40 39 3 0 3 203 883 57%
Zimbabwe 1,530 553 235 0 55 97 12 1 6 643 1,602 51%
Africa 280,808 15,258 12,813 23,494 3,715 2,140 3,859 1,096 1,107 1,459 64,941 19%
Sub-Saharan 96,405 13,350 8,558 4,199 2,800 1,596 3,847 173 696 1,434 36,653 28%
  1. Sources: See Acknowledgements. African sending countries show country of birth as recorded in the receiving-country census. Receiving countries show country of residence at the time of the last census (France [FRA] 1999; United States [USA] 2000; Australia [AUS], Belgium [BEL], Canada [CAN], Portugal [PRT], South Africa [ZAF], Spain [ESP], and United Kingdom [GBR] 2001). The copyright to some of the data in this table is retained by the source agency; see appendix for details before reproducing these data elsewhere. All data used here with written permission. *Gives the number of professionals abroad as a fraction of total professionals (domestic + abroad). **There are 834 physicians born in one of the other eight receiving countries who appear in the 2001 census of South Africa. This negative number thus represents a "netting out" term.
  2. The full contents of this table are available in an Excel workbook from the Center for Global Development website [17].