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Table 3 Indicators of under- and over-supply

From: Physician supply forecast: better than peering in a crystal ball?

Undersupply Oversupply
• Doctor provision well below the national average. • Growth of the workforce well in excess of population growth.
• Underservicing and unmet needs; unacceptably long waiting times; consumers dissatisfied with access. • Declining average patient numbers; declining average practitioner incomes; insufficient work/variety of work to maintain skills.
• Overworked practitioners; high levels of dissatisfaction with the stress of overwork and inability to meet population needs. • Underemployment, wasted resources.
• Vacancies, unfilled public positions; employment of temporarily-resident doctors to fill unmet needs; substitution of services by alternative providers.