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Table 1 Baseline inputs

From: Meeting human resources for health staffing goals by 2018: a quantitative analysis of policy options in Zambia

    Nurses Midwives  
Baseline inputs Doctors Clinical officers registered enrolled registered enrolled direct entry Total
Number of staff
   At baseline (2008)1 806 1236 1453 5134 339 1711 0 10 679
   Minimum level required to meet need (same for all years)2 1778 3737 14 053 4751 24 319
Inflow from training
   Annual training enrolment (# of new students)3 74 155 660 423 136 173 174 1795
   Total years of training required3 7 3 3 2 1 1 2 n/a
   Graduation rate (% of students)3 90.0% 90.0% 96.7% 94.3% 97.1% 90.7% 90.0% n/a
   Public sector entry rate from training schools (% of graduates)3,4 85.3% 91.4% 75.5% 81.4% 81.4% 81.4% 81.4% n/a
   Inflow from immigration (# per year)4 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
Outflow from attrition
   Training program requires other professional diploma/degree and work experience before enrolling; or enrols students who leave the public sector workforce before enrolling No No Yes No Yes Yes no n/a
   If yes, which specific cadre is the feeder cadre for training programs n/a n/a enrolled nurses n/a registered nurses enrolled nurses n/a n/a
   Percent of enrolling students to which entry barrier applies (% per year) n/a n/a 14.89% n/a 100% 100% n/a n/a
   Total attrition from cadre (% per year) 9.80% 4.48% 5.30% 4.48% 4.48% 4.48% 4.48% n/a
   Involuntary attrition (% per year)[24, 26] 6.66% 3.05% 3.60% 3.05% 3.05% 3.05% 3.05% n/a
   Voluntary attrition (% per year)[25, 26] 3.14% 1.43% 1.70% 1.43% 1.43% 1.43% 1.43% n/a
  1. 1 MOH human resources payroll data, September 2008
  2. 2 MOH Training and Development Plan 2008
  3. 3 MOH/CHAI training institution assessment, May/June 2008
  4. 4 MOH Human Resources Directorate