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Table 2 Core HIV Indicators in Malawi and Zambia

From: Health workforce responses to global health initiatives funding: a comparison of Malawi and Zambia

  Malawi     Zambia   
Indicator        
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007
Population (in millions) 11.9 12.3 12.8 13.2 11.4^ 11.8^ 12.2^
Adult HIV prevalence (15-49)%
Epidemiological indicators
14.4
(2003)
14.2 No data 12.0 13.9 13.5 13.1+
HIV prevalence in pregnant women (%) 19.8 16.9 No data 12.0 19.1 19.1 19.3
Number (%) of adults and children with advanced HIV infection receiving ART 13 183
(6%)
37 840
(14%)
85 200
(33%)
130 488 (43%) 39 351 80 030
(32.9%)
149 199
(50.5%)
Number (%) of pregnant women needing and receiving ART to reduce the risk of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) 2719
(3%)
5076
(7%)
9231
(22%)
23158
(35.4%)
No Data 25,578
29.7%
35,314
39.1%
Women and men 15-49 who received a test in the last 12 months and knew their results. 283 467 482 364 661 400 461 038* 15.6% 234 430 (15.4%) 254 585
(15.4%)
Numbers of sites providing ART 20 60 104 109 107 156 322
Numbers of sites providing PMTCT 36 40 60 84 67 307 678
Numbers of sites providing HIV Counselling and Testing (VCT) 146 239 351 370 No data 883 1028
  1. Source: UNGASS Country Reports 2008
  2. ^ Total projected population
  3. + Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) 2007 shows 14.3% prevalence rate for 2007
  4. * 4th Quarter missing