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Table 3 Trends in numbers of facility health staff in Malawi (52 facilities) and Zambia (27 facilities): baseline and follow-up 1

From: Health workforce responses to global health initiatives funding: a comparison of Malawi and Zambia

  Malawi:         Zambia:      
Health worker category Mar 2006 Mar 2008 Mar 2006 Mar 2008 Mar 2006 Mar 2008 Mar 2006 Mar 2008 2004 2007 2004 2007 2004 2007
  Urban Urban Rural Rural Semi-urban2 Semi-urban Total Total Urban Urban Rural Rural Total Total
Doctors 3 59 65 2 5 8 10 69 80 16 23 6 6 22 29
Nurses 4 523 651 221 199 295 329 1039 1179 384 381 61 61 445 442
Clinical Officers & Medical Assistants 5 135 94 67 85 103 115 305 294 76 67 16 15 92 82
Total doctors, nurses, clinical officers, medical assistants 717 810 290 289 406 454 1413 1553 476 471 83 82 559 553
Technicians 6 37 65 1 1 24 46 62 112 51 62 4 11 55 73
Health Surveillance Assistants + Dedicated HIV counsellors 7 74 158 456 737 205 381 735 1276 47 56 16 21 63 77
TOTAL 828 1033 747 1027 635 881 2210 2941 574 589 103 114 677 703
  1. 1Numbers of each category of health worker shown are for facilities reporting such staff at baseline and follow-up
  2. 2The term semi-urban area has been used here to denote district capitals (district hospitals). Rural in Malawi refers to rural health centres. Urban refers to the three main urban centres where the central hospitals and urban health centres are located
  3. 3Doctors include general and specialist doctors
  4. 4Nurses include all categories of nurses, midwives and nurse technicians
  5. 5Malawi: Clinical Officers and Medical Assistants. Zambia does not have a medical assistant cadre
  6. 6Technicians include laboratory technicians and assistants; and pharmacy technicians and assistants
  7. 7Health Surveillance Assistants exist only in Malawi only. Dedicated HIV counsellors are reported for both Malawi and Zambia