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Table 4 Motivations, barriers and client visitation rates by gender, residence and standard of living

From: Motivations for entering and remaining in volunteer service: findings from a mixed-method survey among HIV caregivers in Zambia

  Gender Residence Standard of living
Male Female sig Urban Rural sig Low Mid- High sig
  (n= 184) (n= 574)   (n= 454) (n= 304)   (n= 273) (n= 340) (n= 123)  
“Agree”           
I wanted to become a volunteer…a           
 To give back 63% 65% -- 63% 66% -- 65% 66% 55% --
 To be part of a project 77% 83% -- 82% 81% -- 79% 84% 77% --
 Friends and family volunteer 64% 65% -- 63% 68% -- 69% 66% 55% .019
 Needed project assistance 47% 54% -- 51% 55% -- 57% 54% 35% ˂.001
 To receive things, allowances 26% 40% ˂.001 40% 32% -- 39% 37% 34% --
 To channel me to a paying job 30% 47% ˂.001 48% 35% ˂.001 44% 46% 41% .049
 I have no job 31% 51% ˂.001 46% 46% -- 53% 46% 29% ˂.001
“Sometimes or frequently”           
I fail to visit my clients…a           
 Do not have transport 26% 28% -- 29% 26% -- 29% 29% 26% --
 Feel bad going empty handed 33% 43% .02 47% 31% ˂.001 37% 43% 46% --
 Lacked supplies and kits 32% 39% -- 41% 33% .033 33% 39% 48% .017
 Never receive money for the work 7% 11% -- 12% 6% .013 12% 9% 8% --
 Not enough food or money at home 8% 12% -- 13% 8% .04 14% 10% 10% --
 Am sick 3% 2% -- 2% 2% -- 2% 2% 5% --
 Do not have rain gear 35% 50% -- 43% 32% .002 40% 37% 42% --
 People think I keep clients’ things 11% 22% .001 26% 10% ˂.001 15% 23% 24% .048
Economic motivation index \( \overline{x} \) = 2.21 \( \overline{x} \) = 2.93 ˂.001b \( \overline{x} \) = 3.06 \( \overline{x} \) = 2.29 ˂.001b \( \overline{x} \) = 2.84 \( \overline{x} \) = 2.84 \( \overline{x} \) = 2.48 --c
s = 1.78 s = 2.01 s = 2.06 s = 1.76 s = 1.99 s = 1.95 s = 2.06
OVC client visitation rate \( \overline{x} \) = .75 \( \overline{x} \) = .81 .036b \( \overline{x} \) = .78 \( \overline{x} \) = .82 --b \( \overline{x} \) = .82 \( \overline{x} \) = .80 \( \overline{x} \) = .73 --c
s = .30 s = .30 s = .31 s = .29 s = .26 s = .33 s = .32
PLHA client visitation rate \( \overline{x} \) = .81 \( \overline{x} \) = .88 .01b \( \overline{x} \) = .86 \( \overline{x} \) = .88 --b \( \overline{x} \) = .88 \( \overline{x} \) = .86 \( \overline{x} \) = .86 --c
s = .25 s = .28 s = .31 s = .21 s = .28 s = .26 s = .30
  1. aPearson chi-square test.
  2. bMann–Whitney U test.
  3. cKuskal–Wallis H test.