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Table 2 Specialty preferences of medical students (N = 9499)

From: Factors associated with the specialty choice of Korean medical students: a cross-sectional survey

Grade/gender specialty 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Total
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
Clinical Medical Internal medicine 478 (27.4)* 283 (29.9)* 461 (31.3)* 326 (34.2)* 368 (28.8)* 282 (34.6)* 350 (27.2)* 287 (28.8)* 2 835 (29.8)
   Psychiatry 144 (8.2)* 98 (10.3)* 94 (6.4) 84 (8.8) 82 (6.4) 68 (8.3) 83 (6.4) 91 (9.1) 744 (7.8)
   Pediatrics 51 (2.9)* 101 (10.7)* 45 (3.1)* 105 (11.0)* 58 (4.5)* 110 (13.5)* 50 (3.9)* 123 (12.3)* 643 (6.8)
   Dermatology 79 (4.5) 59 (6.2) 45 (3.1) 65 (6.8) 48 (3.8) 35 (4.3) 39 (3.0) 50 (5.0) 420 (4.4)
   Neurology 52 (3.0) 48 (5.1) 56 (3.8) 50 (5.2) 48 (3.8) 39 (4.8) 47 (3.6) 38 (3.8) 378 (4.0)
   Rehabilitative medicine 75 (4.3)* 36 (3.8)* 57 (3.9)* 24 (2.5)* 48 (3.8)* 14 (1.7)* 51 (4.0)* 32 (3.2)* 337 (3.5)
   Diagnostic radiology 57 (3.3)* 32 (3.4)* 37 (2.5) 43 (4.5) 35 (2.7) 26 (3.2) 33 (2.6) 46 (4.6) 309 (3.3)
   Anesthesiology 37 (2.1) 30 (3.2) 39 (2.6) 28 (2.9) 35 (2.7)* 20 (2.5)* 43 (3.3) 42 (4.2) 274 (2.9)
   Family medicine 22 (1.3) 20 (2.1) 23 (1.6) 33 (3.5) 23 (1.8) 23 (2.8) 24 (1.9) 37 (3.7) 205 (2.2)
   Emergency medicine 22 (1.3)* 8 (0.8)* 24 (1.6)* 8 (0.8)* 21 (1.6) 12 (1.5) 18 (1.4)* 8 (0.8)* 121 (1.3)
   Clinical pathology 6 (0.3) 7 (0.7) 3 (0.2) 4 (0.4) 6 (0.5) 5 (0.6) 2 (0.2)* 13 (1.3)* 46 (0.5)
   Therapeutic radiology 8 (0.5)* 1 (0.1)* 6 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 3 (0.2) 5 (0.6) 12 (0.9) 5 (0.5) 41 (0.4)
   Occupational and environmental medicine 5 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 8 (0.6) 3 (0.4) 12 (0.9) 5 (0.5) 37 (0.4)
   Nuclear medicine 3 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 7 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 16 (0.2)
   Tuberculosis 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 9 (0.7)* 1 (0.1)* 15 (0.2)
   Subtotal 1 040 (59.5)* 723 (76.3)* 899 (61.0)* 772 (80.9)* 791 (62.0)* 642 (78.7)* 776 (60.2)* 778 (78.0)* 6 421 (67.6)
  Surgical Orthopedic surgery 257 (14.7)* 14 (1.5)* 222 (15.1)* 4 (0.4)* 169 (13.2)* 7 (0.9)* 174 (13.5)* 6 (0.6)* 853 (9.0)
   General surgery 129 (7.4)* 67 (7.1)* 102 (6.9)* 46 (4.8)* 109 (8.5)* 50 (6.1)* 79 (6.1)* 51 (5.1)* 633 (6.7)
   Ophthalmology 83 (4.8)* 50 (5.3)* 57 (3.9)* 27 (2.8)* 21 (1.6) 20 (2.5) 52 (4.0) 41 (4.1) 351 (3.7)
   Neurosurgery 87 (5.0)* 20 (2.1)* 61 (4.1)* 21 (2.2)* 54 (4.2)* 5 (0.6)* 53 (4.1)* 7 (0.7)* 308 (3.2)
   Otolaryngology 50 (2.9)* 16 (1.7)* 37 (2.5)* 18 (1.9)* 35 (2.7)* 13 (1.6)* 41 (3.2) 28 (2.8) 238 (2.5)
   Plastic surgery 32 (1.8)* 2 (0.2)* 34 (2.3)* 14 (1.5)* 36 (2.8)* 12 (1.5)* 63 (4.9)* 16 (1.6)* 209 (2.2)
   Obstetrics-gynecology 8 (0.5) 15 (1.6) 3 (0.2)* 31 (3.2)* 9 (0.7)* 38 (4.7)* 8 (0.6)* 45 (4.5)* 157 (1.7)
   Cardiothoracic surgery 27 (1.5)* 14 (1.5)* 26 (1.8)* 6 (0.6)* 20 (1.6)* 6 (0.7)* 12 (0.9) 10 (1.0) 121 (1.3)
   Urology 3 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 4 (0.3) 1 (0.1) 6 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 22 (0.2)
   Subtotal 676 (38.7)* 199 (21.0)* 546 (37.1)* 168 (17.6)* 459 (36.0)* 151 (18.5)* 487 (37.8)* 206 (20.6)* 2 892 (30.4)
Nonclinical   Pathology 10 (0.6) 8 (0.8) 6 (0.4) 7 (0.7) 12 (0.9) 16 (2.0) 9 (0.7) 8 (0.8) 76 (0.8)
   Basic science of medicine 17 (1.0) 9 (1.0) 16 (1.1)* 3 (0.3)* 9 (0.7)* 2 (0.2)* 11 (0.9)* 3 (0.3)* 70 (0.7)
   Preventive medicine 4 (0.2) 8 (0.8) 6 (0.4) 4 (0.4) 5 (0.4) 5 (0.6) 5 (0.4) 3 (0.3) 40 (0.4)
   Subtotal 31 (1.8) 25 (2.6) 28 (1.9) 14 (1.5) 26 (2.0) 23 (2.8) 25 (1.9) 14 (1.4) 186 (2.0)
  1. *P < 0.05, chi-square test was performed for specialty (grouped by grade and gender)