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Table 4 CHW roles in comprehensive national programmes

From: The global pendulum swing towards community health workers in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review of trends, geographical distribution and programmatic orientations, 2005 to 2014

Health extension worker (source: [97]) Health surveillance assistance (sources: compiled from [41, 98]) Behvarz (source: [99])
Family health:
• Family planning
• Maternal, newborn and child health
• Nutrition
• Vaccination
Disease prevention and control:
• Tuberculosis
• Malaria
• First aid
Hygiene and environmental sanitation:
• Construction and maintenance of sanitary latrines
• Solid and liquid waste disposal
• Water supply safety
• Control of insects and rodents
• Food hygiene and safety
• Personal hygiene
• Healthy home environment
Health education and communication
Environmental health:
• Hygiene, sanitation and water supply
• Disease surveillance and outbreak response
• Vector and vermin control
Maternal-child health:
• Immunization, vitamin A, de-worming; growth monitoring, nutritional supplementation, tetanus vaccination;
• Integrated community case management
Reproductive health:
• Condoms and oral and injectable contraceptives
• Testing/screening, follow-up, drug dispensing
Treatment and referral of minor ailments
Community education
Training and supervision of village health councils
Annual census
Providing basic health care:
• Maternal and child health, delivery
• Family planning
• Oral health
• Youth and elderly health
• Community-based rehabilitation
Preventive activities:
• Health education, screening
Disease management:
• Communicable and non-communicable diseases
School health:
• School environment
• Screening
Environmental health:
• Food safety, sanitation, safe water
Occupational health
• Rural health councils
• Family doctors
Promoting community participation and inter-sectoral collaboration