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Table 1 Staffing levels and staff mixes by quintiles across major unit types

From: Variability of staffing and staff mix across acute care units in Alberta, Canada

  Urban medical units (n = 62) Urban surgical units (n = 36) Rural units (n = 59)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th p value 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th p value 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th p value
Ranked by RN quintile RN 1.1 2.0 2.4 2.9 7.2 § 0.00 1.7 2.1 2.5 2.9 5.1 § 0.00 1.1 2.1 2.4 3.2 9.6 § 0.01
LPN 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.3   0.9 1.5 1.2 1.0 0.9   1.3 1.6 1.6 1.9 4.4  
HCA 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.3   0.9 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8   0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5 2.1  
AH 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 3.7   1.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.7   0.5 0.7 0.9 0.9 4.2  
Total 3.8 4.5 4.5 5.2 12.5   4.6 4.6 4.5 4.9 7.5   3.3 4.6 5.1 6.5 20.3  
Ranked by LPN quintile RN 3.6 2.3 2.1 2.2 3.0   3.6 3.0 3.1 2.4 3.6   13.8 2.6 2.1 2.0 5.1  
LPN 0.4 1.0 § 1.3 § 1.6 § 2.8 § 0.00 0.5 1.0 § 1.3 § 1.6 § 2.9 § 0.00 0.4 1.0 1.3 1.6 3.9 0.00
HCA 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.4   1.0 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.3   0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.5  
AH 1.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6   0.3 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.2   2.1 0.6 0.7 0.8 2.9  
Total 6.7 4.6 4.8 5.3 6.8   5.4 5.3 5.2 4.8 7   16.8 4.4 4.5 4.8 13.4  
Ranked by HCA quintile RN 5.3 1.9 2.3 2.3 1.8   3.0 2.6 3.2 2.8 3.7   5.1 1.7 2.6 3.2 4.8  
LPN 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1   1.7 1.4 1.2 0.7 0.9   2.7 1.2 1.2 1.2 3.5  
HCA 0.0 0.3 0.6 § 1.0 § 1.5 § 0.00 0.0 0.3 0.6 § 1.0 § 1.4 § 0.00 0.0 0.2 0.5 1.0 4.1 § 0.00
AH 2.8 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5   0.3 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.4   2.2 0.6 0.8 0.3 1.6  
Total 9.8 3.9 4.6 4.8 4.9   5 4.3 5.3 5 6.4   10 3.7 5.1 5.7 14  
Ranked by AH quintile RN 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.3 6.7   2.5 3.2 3.6 2.4 4.0   2.8 1.8 2.9 2.6 6.9  
LPN 1.2 1.1 0.8 1.6 0.9   1.2 1.3 0.7 1.4 0.8   2.3 1.2 1.9 1.9 3.2  
HCA 0.7 0.9 1.2 0.8 0.5   0.6 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.9   0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 1.7  
AH 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.7 4.3 § 0.00 0.0 0.2 § 0.4 § 0.6 § 1.4 § 0.00 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.8 3.9 0.20
Total 3.9 4.4 4.4 5.4 12.4   4.3 5.5 5.5 4.4 7.1   5.6 3.6 5.6 5.5 15.7  
  1. All statistics are FTEs per 100 patient days
  2. Italicized rows are the focal provider in each analysis
  3. p value <0.05; p value <0.01; and §p value <0.001 in comparison with 1st quintile