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Table 1 Hypothesized magnitude and direction of PBF on HRH

From: Incentives to change: effects of performance-based financing on health workers in Zambia

  Intervention (PBF) group Control 1, or enhanced financing not conditioned on outputs Control 2, or “business-as-usual”
Motivation ++ +  
Job satisfaction ++ +  
  1. There is a greater magnitude of effect for the intervention group than control 1 group, but the direction should remain the same. Control 2 cells are left blank because no changes are expected to occur