Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Mean statistics of workers’ characteristics at baseline and endline in three groups (N = 683)

From: Incentives to change: effects of performance-based financing on health workers in Zambia

Variable Baseline Endline
Intervention (n = 147) Control 1 (n = 87) Control 2 (n = 92) Intervention (n = 166) Control 1 (n = 92) Control 2 (n = 99)
Female 0.42 0.38 0.42 0.41 0.36 0.49
Education-primary 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.04 0.01 0.05
Education-secondary 0.40 0.40 0.30 0.35 0.49 0.27
Education-college 0.52 0.49 0.63 0.60 0.49 0.68
Clinical officer 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.03
Nurse 0.25 0.26 0.25 0.33 0.35 0.45
Midwife 0.11 0.13 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.15
Environmental health technicians (EHTs) 0.15 0.09 0.16 0.13 0.08 0.10
Classified daily employees (CDEs) 0.33 0.41 0.32 0.31 0.38 0.22
Other staff 0.67 0.59 0.69 0.69 0.62 0.78
Age 37.43 38.01 36.21 35.82 38.51 35.49
Work-absence 1.20 1.44 1.59 1.12 1.10 1.74
Work-days 5.82 6.26 6.13 6.00 6.24 6.27
Work-hours 51.45 55.90 54.55 52.07 50.33 49.61
Supervision frequency from previous year 4.52 4.32 6.65 5.62 4.58 4.54
Work experience-total 10.06 11.04 9.76 8.03 9.03 7.95
Work experience-current facility 4.55 5.40 4.39 4.27 4.67 5.09
  1. ANOVA test of balance among three groups was performed separately for baseline and endline. Statistical significance is denoted by bold italic (p < 0.01); bold (p < 0.05); italic (p < 0.1)