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Table 4 Estimated effect of PBF and enhanced financing on motivation

From: Incentives to change: effects of performance-based financing on health workers in Zambia

  Intervention v. control 1 (N = 448) Intervention v. control 2 (N = 462) Control 1 v. control 2 (N = 345)
β (standard error) β (standard error) β (standard error)
Teamwork 0.39 (3.13) 0.93 (1.43) 1.62 (3.51)
Autonomy 0.82 (4.31) 1.31 (1.77) 1.30 (4.49)
Recognition −0.38 (3.28) −0.84 (1.33) −0.89 (2.85)
Change −2.10 (2.66) 1.03 (1.24) 3.83 (2.64)
Self concept −0.73 (1.87) 0.77 (1.08) 2.21 (2.36)
Work environment −1.79 (2.60) 1.26 (1.26) 4.31 (3.03)
Leadership −3.08 (4.89) 1.21 (2.61) 5.55 (5.15)
Well-being 1.10 (2.98) 2.42* (1.24) 3.93 (2.50)
  1. Coefficients, standard errors, and p values are for the interaction between the random assignment (intervention, control 1, control 2) and study period (baseline, endline). They are obtained from pair-wise regressions—facility fixed effect models controlling for workers’ characteristics. Robust standard errors are clustered at the district level
  2. *p < 0.1