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Table 3 Community health worker activities as reported by participating mothers at baseline and follow-up household surveys

From: A continuous quality improvement intervention to improve the effectiveness of community health workers providing care to mothers and children: a cluster randomised controlled trial in South Africa

  Baseline household survey Follow-up household survey Change—I-C
N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
CHW visited during pregnancy
 Control 111/370 (30.0%) Reference 90/310 (29.0%) Reference  
 Intervention 79/366 (21.6%) OR = 0.64 (0.35–1.2)
p value = 0.15
224/296 (75.7%) 8.3 (4.4–15.6)
p value <0.0001
13.0 (7.6–22.2),
p value <0.0001
CHW provided information about attending antenatal care as early as possible in pregnancy
 Control 95/370 (25.7%) Reference 76/310 (24.5%) Reference  
 Intervention 59/366 (16.1%) OR = 0.56 (0.29–1.1)
p value = 0.09
217/296 (73.3%) OR = 9.9 (5.0–19.6)
p value < 0.0001
OR = 17.6 (9.9–31.3)
p value < 0.0001
CHW provided information about danger signs in pregnancy
 Control 86/370 (23.2%) Reference 70/310 (22.6%) Reference  
 Intervention 54/366 (14.8%) OR = 0.61 (0.30–1.2)
p value = 0.16
214/296 (72.3%) OR = 9.9 (4.9–19.9)
p value <0.0001
OR = 16.4 (9.2–29.3)
p value <0.0001
CHW provided information about going to the clinic for postnatal care
 Control 91/370 (24.6%) Reference 76/310 (24.5%) Reference  
 Intervention 62/366 (16.9%) OR = 0.63 (0.32–1.2)
p value = 0.19
216/296 (73.0%) OR = 9.5 (4.8–19.0)
p value <0.0001
OR = 15.1 (8.5–26.7)
p value <0.0001
CHW provided information about how to feed baby after birth
 Control 92/370 (24.9%) Reference 74/310 (23.9%) Reference  
 Intervention 53/366 (14.5%) OR = 0.52 (0.26–1.0)
p value = 0.06
211/296 (71.3%) OR = 8.9 (4.5–17.6)
p value <0.0001
OR = 17.1 (9.7–30.4)
p value <0.0001
CHW visited in first month after child was born
 Control 104/370 (28.1%) Reference 94/310 (30.3%) Reference  
 Intervention 90/366 (24.6%) OR = 0.83 (0.47–1.5)
p value = 0.53
215/296 (72.6%) OR = 6.5 (3.6–11.8)
p value <0.0001
OR = 7.8 (4.6–13.3)
p value <0.0001
CHW helped with breastfeeding
 Control 84/370 (22.7%) Reference 74/310 (23.9%) Reference  
 Intervention 65/366 (17.8%) OR = 0.74 (0.40–1.4)
p value = 0.35
194/296 (65.5%) OR = 6.7 (3.6–12.6)
p value <0.0001
OR = 9.0 (5.2–15.8)
p value <0.0001
CHW provided information about danger signs in newborn babies
 Control 83/369 (22.5%) Reference 65/310 (21.0%) Reference  
 Intervention 49/365 (13.4%) OR = 0.55 (0.29–1.1)
p value = 0.08
175/296 (59.1%) OR = 6.1 (3.2–11.5)
p value <0.0001
OR = 11.0 (6.2–19.5)
p value <0.0001