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Table 2 Procedures performed by non-specialists in seven surgical specialties

From: Bridging the human resource gap in surgical and anesthesia care in low-resource countries: a review of the task sharing literature

Surgical specialty area Obstetrics [4, 13, 20, 36, 37] General surgery [4, 14, 19] Orthopedics [25] Ophthalmology [35] Ear, nose, throat/otolaryngology [6] Neuro surgery [4] Plastic surgery [6]
Procedures performed • C-section
• Repair of ruptured uterus
• Hysterectomy
• Ectopic pregnancy
• Tubal ligation
• Dilatation and curettage
• Manual vacuum aspiration
• Exploratory laparotomy
• Inguinal hernia repair
• Hydrocelectomy
• Appendectomy
• Prostatectomy
• Bowel surgery (resection, colostomy)
• Circumcision
• Incision and drainage of abscess
• Surgical repair of traumatic wounds
• Debridement of open fractures
• External fixation of fractures
• Closed fracture manipulation
• Joint dislocation
• Acute pyogenic musculoskeletal infections
• Limb amputation
• Management of club foot
• Cataract surgery
• Evisceration of the globe
• Management of acute eye emergencies
• Management of refractive errors [3]
• Ear/nasal foreign body removal
• Tonsillectomy
• Excision of nasal soft tissue
• Craniotomy
• V-P shunting for hydrocephalus
• Management of burn injuries
• Skin grafting
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