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Table 1 Policy reforms by country: major SoP reforms expanding nurses’ clinical practice implemented; 2010–2015

From: Task shifting between physicians and nurses in acute care hospitals: cross-sectional study in nine countries

  Expanded SoP for APN/nurses No/limited expansions to SoP
Netherlands • 2011 Law expanded the SoP for Nurse Specialists
• 2014 Law on nurse prescribing for three nurse specialisations
 
England (UK) • Prescribing rights expanded for independent prescribers (2012)  
Scotland (UK) • Prescribing rights expanded for independent prescribers (2012)  
Czech Republic   • Limited nurse role developments, no changes to SoP
Germany   • Limited nurse role developments
• 2011: Directive to authorise pilot projects to test task shifting
Italy   • Limited developments, no changes to SoP
Norway   • Limited APN/nurse role developments, no changes to SoP
Poland   • Limited developments, except for a law on nurse prescribing which entered into force in 2016a
Turkey   • No developments, no changes to SoP
  1. Source: [13, 26, 27, 35, 36]
  2. SoP Scope-of-Practice, APN Advanced Practice Nurse, UK United Kingdom
  3. aPoland was categorised as “limited/no reforms”, due to the fact that the law entered into force in 2016 (outside the 2010–2015 time period covered)