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Table 3 Titles used for boundary spanners and the types they align with

From: Community boundary spanners as an addition to the health workforce to reach marginalised people: a scoping review of the literature

Type of boundary spanner: Navigators Community health workers Lay workers Peers Community entities
Boundary spanner titles Patient navigator Community health worker
Promatora
Community connector
Community multicultural health broker
Community health representative
Champion
Lay food worker
Community breast health advocate
Health volunteer
Natural helper
Health trainer
Smoking solution guide
Peer support
Champion
Health coach
Lay health advisor
Male lay health advisor
Mentor
Buddy
Companion
Community parent
Community supporter
Ethnically specific channel
Number articles
n = 30
4 13 6 6 1
Article reference [41, 42, 52, 62] [27, 38, 39, 43, 45,46,47, 49,50,51, 63, 65, 67] [40, 48, 53, 55, 58, 59] [44, 54, 56, 57, 61, 64] [60]
 
  Organisational orientation
• Technical
• Service provision and access focus
• Documented scope of practice
• Alignment with mission and interests of health service
   Community orientation
• Not based in a health service
• High degree flexibility
• Relationship focus
• Close knowledge of local community
• Alignment with interests of the community