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Table 3 Mean health-related productivity loss instrument outcomes for presenteeism across the four yearly periods

From: Four-year review of presenteeism data among employees of a large United States health care system: a retrospective prevalence study

Medical condition Affected, No. (%) Estimated daily productivity loss per person, mina Estimated annual cost per person, $a Estimated annual company cost, $a
Chronic back pain 631 (4.3) 16.7 (0.84) 1 920 (98) 1 210 000 (62 000)
Mental illness 44 (0.3) 16.6 (3.28) 2 100 (480) 94 000 (21 000)
General anxiety 743 (5.1) 16.2 (0.75) 1 920 (93) 1 430 000 (69 000)
Migraines or severe headaches 1 192 (8.2) 14.7 (0.60) 1 690 (70) 2 020 000 (83 000)
Neck pain 477 (3.3) 11.2 (0.68) 1 290 (80) 610 000 (38 000)
Depression 862 (5.9) 9.9 (0.57) 1 150 (66) 990 000 (57 000)
Autoimmune disease 283 (1.9) 9.5 (1.14) 1 090 (130) 310 000 (37 000)
Arthritis 1 124 (7.7) 8.2 (0.42) 930 (48) 1 040 000 (54 000)
Type I diabetes 78 (0.5) 6.5 (1.54) 710 (170) 56 000 (13 000)
Any allergies (including seasonal) 4 026 (27.6) 6.2 (0.19) 716 (23) 2 880 000 (92 000)
Respiratory (chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or sinusitis) 186 (1.3) 5.4 (0.88) 630 (106) 117 000 (20 000)
Digestive disorder 543 (3.7) 5.3 (0.47) 600 (54) 327 000 (30 000)
Pulmonary disease 21 (0.1) 4.1 (1.57) 450 (170) 10 000 (3 600)
Any cancer 285 (2.0) 3.4 (0.61) 410 (75) 118 000 (21 000)
Asthma 1 017 (7.0) 3.1 (0.26) 350 (30) 350 000 (31 000)
Type II diabetes 887 (6.1) 2.4 (0.29) 270 (33) 244 000 (29 000)
Seizure disorders 59 (0.4) 2.0 (0.87) 240 (103) 14 000 (6 000)
Heart disease 323 (2.2) 2.0 (0.36) 230 (42) 75 000 (14 000)
Other metabolic disease (thyroid, kidney/renal, liver) 948 (6.5) 1.6 (0.20) 179 (23) 169 000 (22 000)
Hypertension (high blood pressure) 3 208 (22.0) 1.1 (0.09) 126 (10) 400 000 (33 000)
Peripheral vascular disease 38 (0.3) 0.9 (0.41) 90 (48) 3 600 (1 800)
Cerebrovascular disease/stroke 34 (0.2) 0.8 (0.36) 90 (38) 2 900 (1 300)
  1. Data are presented in descending order of mean minutes of estimated daily productivity loss per person
  2. aData are reported with associated standard error
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