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Table 3 Distribution of primary health care staff with adequate knowledge on infection control

From: Being safe, feeling safe, and stigmatizing attitude among primary health care staff in providing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis care in Bantul District, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia

Domains of knowledge Total (N = 123) Type of staff Working at PHCs which provide DOT for MDR-TB Received on-the-job training on DOT for MDR-TB procedure Received training on infection control
Clinical staffa
(N = 95)
TB program staff (N = 10) Other staffb (N = 18) p Yes
(N = 39)
No
(N = 84)
p Yes
(N = 36)
No
(N = 87)
p Yes (N = 75) No
(N = 48)
p
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Time to provide education of cough etiquette to patients 91 (74.0) 72 (75.8) 9 (90.0) 10 (55.6) 0.99c 31 (79.5) 60 (71.4) 0.343 29 (80.6) 62 (71.3) 0.399d 57 (76.0) 34 (70.8) 0.524
Cough screening among visitors 47 (38.2) 41 (43.2) 5 (50.0) 1 (5.6) 0.008 11 (28.2) 36 (42.9) 0.120 14 (38.9) 33 (37.9) 0.921 31 (41.3) 16 (33.3) 0.373
Proper setting of fan in outpatient clinic 88 (71.5) 70 (73.7) 9 (90.0) 9 (50.) 0.050 28 (71.8) 60 (71.4) 0.967 29 (80.6) 59 (67.8) 0.154 59 (78.7) 29 (60.4) 0.029
Disposal of tissues used for closing mouth when coughing 105 (84.5) 81 (85.3) 9 (90.0) 15 (83.3) 0.883c 32 (82.1) 73 (86.9) 0.664d 32 (88.9) 73 (83.9) 0.667d 64 (85.3) 41 (85.4) 1.00
Use of respiratory mask 60 (48.8) 48 (50.5) 5 (50.0) 7 (38.9) 0.661 20 (51.3) 40 (47.6) 0.705 18 (50.0) 42 (48.3) 0.862 37 (49.3) 23 (47.9) 0.878
Use surgical masks among patients during transportation 81 (65.9) 58 (61.1) 7 (70.0) 16 (88.9) 0.071 30 (76.9) 51 (60.7) 0.078 28 (77.8) 53 (60.9) 0.073 50 (66.7) 31 (64.6) 0.812
  1. aClinical staff: medical doctor, nurse, and laboratory staff. bOther staff: registration staff, health promotion staff, and environmental health staff. In general, the data analysis used the Pearson chi-square test. Few analyses used the likelihood ratio chi-square testc and chi-square test with continuity correctiond
  2. TB tuberculosis, PHCs primary health care facilities, DOT direct observed treatment, MDR-TB multidrug-resistant tuberculosis