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Table 4 Determinants of job preferences for all cadres

From: Assessment of interventions to attract and retain health workers in rural Zambia: a discrete choice experiment

Incentive category and level Odds ratio 95% CI p value
Location
 Rural (ref)
 Urban 1.39 1.11–1.75 0.01
Rural job characteristics
 Salary
  Base salary (ref)
  Base salary + 20% rural allowance 1.19 1.00–1.43 0.05
  Base salary + 25% rural allowance 1.41 1.15–1.73 < 0.01
  Base salary + 30% rural allowance 1.52 1.25–1.86 < 0.01
 Educational opportunities
  0% scholarship after 2 years (ref)
  75% scholarship after 3 years 1.25 1.06–1.48 0.01
  100% scholarship after 4 years 1.98 1.69–2.33 < 0.01
 Housing
  Basic allowance (ref)
  Basic housing 1.12 0.91–1.37 0.29
  Superior housing 5.04 4.12–6.18 < 0.01
  Superior allowance 1.44 1.22–1.70 < 0.01
 Transportation
  None (ref)
  Available 1.45 1.27–1.65 < 0.01
 Medical equipment
  Inadequate (ref)
  Adequate 1.10 0.96–1.26 0.18
Urban job characteristics
 Housing
  Basic allowance (ref)
  Basic housing 0.88 0.73–1.05 0.17
  Superior housing 2.21 1.86–2.62 < 0.01
 Transportation
  None (ref)
  Available 1.31 1.15–1.50 < 0.01
 Medical equipment
  Inadequate (ref)
  Adequate 1.39 1.21–1.59 < 0.01
 Model diagnostics
  Number of participants 474   
  Number of observations 9 316   
  Log likelihood −2 793.05   
  Pseudo R2 0.1349   
  Prob > chi-square < 0.001