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Table 3 Practice intentions among FM residents exiting programs in 2016 and 2017  (n, %)

From: The relationship between gender, parenthood and practice intentions among family medicine residents: cross-sectional analysis of national Canadian survey data

  Total Male non-parent Male parent Female non-parent Female parent p value (χ2)
Residents reporting that they are somewhat or highly likely they
 Will commit to providing comprehensive care to the same group of patients in first three years of practice (Q17, N = 1 607) 1 075 (66.9) 261 (60.3) 132 (76.3) 528 (65.9) 154 (77.0) <0.001
 Agree with the statement: “I am confident in my current ability to provide comprehensive care to the same group of patients over time.” (Q19, N = 1 611) 1 494 (92.7) 399 (92.4) 157 (91.3) 748 (93.2) 190 (93.1) 0.829
Residents reporting that after completing residency, it is somewhat or highly likely they will practice in the following practice types
 Comprehensive care delivered in one clinical setting (e.g., office-based) (Q16a, N = 1 612) 990 (61.4) 250 (57.6) 93 (54.1) 500 (62.3) 147 (72.1) 0.001
 Comprehensive care provided across multiple clinical settings (e.g., in-hospital, long-term care, office) (Q16b, 1 614) 1 226 (76.0) 328 (75.8) 125 (72.3) 631 (78.5) 142 (69.6) 0.035
 Comprehensive care that includes a special interest (e.g., sports medicine, emergency medicine, palliative care, etc.) (Q16c, N = 1 614) 1 094 (67.8) 299 (68.9) 118 (68.2) 548 (68.2) 129 (63.6) 0.577
 Practice focused on specific clinical areas (e.g., sports medicine, maternity care, emergency medicine, palliative care, hospital medicine) (Q16d, N = 1 611) 507 (31.5) 163 (37.6) 48 (27.9) 251 (31.3) 45 (22.1) 0.001
 Solo practice (Q15a, N = 1 600) 120 (7.5) 38 (8.8) 15 (8.8) 55 (6.9) 12 (5.9) 0.450
 Group physician practice (Q15b, N = 1 612) 1 520 (94.3) 393 (90.3) 161 (93.6) 772 (96.3) 194 (95.6) <0.001
 Interprofessional team-based practice (Q15c, N = 1 609) 1 420 (88.3) 358 (82.5) 142 (83.0) 751 (93.8) 169 (83.3) <0.001
 Practice that includes teaching health profession learners (Q15d, N = 1 606) 1 261 (78.5) 335 (77.4) 141 (82.5) 636 (79.6) 149 (73.4) 0.132
Residents reporting it is somewhat or highly likely they will provide care in the following domains in the first 3 years
 Care across the life cycle (Q21a, N = 1 612) 1 469 (91.1) 378 (87.1) 154 (89.5) 747 (93.0) 190 (93.6) 0.002
 Intrapartum care (Q21b, N = 1 608) 606 (37.7) 93 (21.5) 63 (36.6) 349 (43.6) 101 (49.8) <0.001
 Mental health care (Q21c, N = 1 608) 1 435 (89.2) 369 (85.4) 150 (87.2) 732 (91.4) 184 (90.6) 0.009
 Chronic disease management (Q21d, N = 1 605) 1 501 (93.5) 392 (90.7) 157 (91.3) 756 (94.6) 196 (97.0) 0.006
 Palliative care/end of life care (Q21e, N = 1 607) 1 039 (64.7) 289 (66.7) 124 (72.1) 499 (62.4) 127 (62.9) 0.069
 Office-based clinical procedures (Q21f, N = 1 603) 1 346 (84.0) 354 (82.1) 145 (85.3) 682 (85.1) 165 (82.1) 0.449
 In-hospital clinical procedures (e.g., chest tube insertion, adult lumbar puncture, nasogastric tube insertion) (Q21g, N = 1 609) 630 (39.2) 221 (51.2) 80 (46.5) 275 (34.3) 54 (26.6) <0.001
Residents reporting it is somewhat or highly likely they will provide care in the following practice settings/populations in the first 3 years
 Emergency departments (Q21h, N = 1 610) 676 (42.0) 237 (54.7) 94 (54.7) 289 (36.0) 56 (27.6) <0.001
 In-hospital (Q21i, 1 607) 955 (59.4) 279 (64.4) 113 (66.1) 467 (58.4) 96 (47.3) <0.001
 Care in the home (Q21j, N = 1 609) 677 (42.1) 182 (42.0) 73 (42.4) 340 (42.5) 82 (40.4) 0.962
 Long-term care facilities (Q21k, N = 1 609) 660 (41.0) 176 (40.7) 90 (52.3) 314 (39.2) 80 (39.4) 0.015
 Marginalized, disadvantaged, and vulnerable populations (Q21l, N = 1 606) 849 (52.9) 227 (52.4) 98 (57.3) 420 (52.5) 104 (51.5) 0.662
 Rural populations (Q21m, N = 1 532) 830 (54.2) 230 (55.8) 104 (61.5) 397 (52.0) 99 (52.9) 0.124
 Elderly populations (Q21n, N = 1 531) 1 389 (90.7) 370 (89.8) 152 (89.9) 695 (91.1) 172 (92.0) 0.800
 First Nations, Inuit, and Métis (Q21o, N = 1 610) 671 (41.7) 191 (44.2) 86 (50.0) 317 (39.5) 77 (37.9) 0.032