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Table 5 Results of multivariable logistic regression, odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals

From: The relationship between gender, parenthood and practice intentions among family medicine residents: cross-sectional analysis of national Canadian survey data

  Intend to provide comprehensive care to the same group of patients within first 3 years (Q17) Confident in ability (Q19) Comprehensive care - one clinical setting. (e.g. office) (16a) Comprehensive care - multiple clinical settings (16b) Comprehensive care that includes a special interest (16c)
Parenthood (reference male, non-parent)
 Male, parent 1.64 (1.03-2.60) 0.86 (0.42-1.79) 0.71 (0.47-1.06) 0.70 (0.45-1.10) 0.99 (0.65-1.50)
 Female, non-parent 1.17 (0.89-1.52) 1.13 (0.71-1.79) 1.34 (1.04-1.71) 1.10 (0.83-1.47) 0.94 (0.73-1.21)
 Female, parent 1.77 (1.13-2.77) 1.16 (0.56-2.42) 1.53 (1.02-2.29) 0.69 (0.45-1.05) 0.82 (0.55-1.21)
Marital Status (reference single/divorced)
 Married/Common-law 1.36 (1.06-1.76) 1.52 (0.98-2.35) 1.20 (0.95-1.52) 1.15 (0.88-1.51) 0.99 (0.78-1.26)
Location of MD training (reference Canadian MD)
 IMG 3.32 (2.22-4.97) 0.90 (0.50-1.64) 1.86 (1.29-2.69) 0.88 (0.61-1.26) 1.10 (0.78-1.55)
Region (reference Ontario)
 Western Canada 1.78 (0.13-0.25) 1.79 (1.10-2.93) 1.23 (0.95-1.60) 0.90 (0.66-1.22) 1.20 (0.92-1.57)
 Atlantic Canada 0.07 (0.04-0.12) 0.51 (0.24-1.09) 0.66 (0.38-1.14) 1.30 (0.62-2.71) 1.53 (0.83-2.82)
 Quebec 0.12 (0.08-0.18) 1.44 (0.80-2.58) 1.23 (0.90-1.68) 0.68 (0.48-0.97) 1.00 (0.73-1.36)
Age groupings (years) (reference <30)
 30-34 1.03 (0.77-1.36) 0.76 (0.46-1.23) 0.92 (0.71-1.20) 1.03 (0.76-1.40) 0.80 (0.61-1.04)
 35+ 1.55 (0.98-2.46) 0.50 (0.26-0.95) 1.57 (1.04-2.37) 0.91 (0.59-1.40) 0.79 (0.53-1.17)
Childhood environment (reference urban/suburban)
 Small town 1.18 (0.86-1.63) 1.04 (0.61-1.76) 0.54 (0.41-0.71) 1.65 (1.17-2.32) 1.18 (0.88-1.58)
 Rural/remote/isolated 1.37 (0.95-1.96) 0.86 (0.50-1.49) 0.51 (0.38-0.69) 3.42 (2.14-5.46) 1.68 (1.20-2.36)
 Mixture of environment 0.96 (0.57-1.63) 1.73 (0.66-4.55) 0.62 (0.39-0.97) 1.34 (0.81-2.23) 1.25 (0.78-1.99)
  Focused practice (16d) Solo practice (15a) Group physician practice (15b) Interprofessional team-based practice (15c) Practice that includes teaching (15d)
Parenthood (reference male, non-parent)
 Male, parent 0.72 (0.47-1.11) 0.93 (0.45-1.91) 1.80 (0.82-3.95) 1.03 (0.60-1.77) 1.42 (0.85-2.38)
 Female, non-parent 0.72 (0.56-0.92) 0.84 (0.53-1.31) 2.75 (1.67-4.53) 3.00 (2.03-4.42) 1.27 (0.95 -1.72)
 Female, parent 0.52 (0.34-0.80) 0.60 (0.28-1.28) 2.81 (1.23-6.42) 1.05 (0.62-1.76) 0.88 (0.56-1.38)
Marital Status (reference single/divorced)
 Married/Common-law 0.89 (0.70-1.14) 0.73 (0.47-1.13) 1.09 (0.67-1.78) 1.07 (0.73-1.55) 1.07 (0.81-1.42)
Location of MD training (reference Canadian MD)
 IMG 0.89 (0.61-1.28) 1.46 (0.85-2.50) 1.17 (0.59-2.33) 1.01 (0.63-1.62) 0.61 (0.41-0.91)
Region (reference Ontario)
 Western Canada 0.56 (0.43-0.74) 2.69 (1.51-4.80) 0.42 (0.21-0.83) 0.38 (0.23-0.61) 4.11 (2.97-5.70)
 Atlantic Canada 0.60 (0.33-1.10) 3.22 (1.22-8.52) 0.28 (0.09-0.86) 0.47 (0.19-1.19) 2.10 (1.09-4.06)
 Quebec 0.53 (0.38-0.74) 3.13 (1.64-5.97) 0.23 (0.11-0.48) 0.28 (0.17-0.48) 2.34 (1.63-3.37)
Age groupings (years) (reference <30)
 30-34 0.56 (0.43-0.74) 0.76 (0.46-1.25) 1.10 (0.63-1.91) 0.87 (0.59-1.27) 1.04 (0.74-1.45)
 35+ 0.89 (0.59-1.36) 1.28 (0.77-2.84) 0.76 (0.36-1.63) 1.24 (0.70-2.19) 0.68 (0.44-1.07)
Childhood environment (reference urban/suburban)
 Small town 0.98 (0.73-1.32) 1.01 (0.57-1.76) 0.52 (0.30-0.91) 0.64 (0.42-0.96) 0.98 (0.70-1.37)
 Rural/remote/isolated 0.91 (0.66-1.27) 1.65 (0.96-2.83) 0.81 (0.39-1.65) 1.21 (0.70-2.08) 1.36 (0.92-2.02)
 Mixture of environment 1.98 (1.27-3.09) 1.04 (0.45-2.40) 0.49 (0.22-1.10) 0.54 (0.30-0.98) 1.27 (0.74-2.18)
  Care across the life cycle (21a) Intrapartum care (21b) Mental health care (21c) Chronic disease management (21d) Palliative care/end of life care (21e)
Parenthood (reference male, non-parent)
 Male, parent 1.38 (0.73-2.63) 2.20 (1.43-3.37) 1.32 (0.73-2.40) 1.00 (0.49-2.03) 1.17 (0.75-1.81)
 Female, non-parent 1.95 (1.30-2.91) 3.05 (2.32-4.02) 1.85 (1.27-2.70) 1.93 (1.22-3.07) 0.87 (0.68-1.13)
 Female, parent 2.59 (1.29-5.19) 3.89 (2.60-5.82) 2.09 (1.13-3.86) 3.54 (1.38-9.12) 0.82 (0.54-1.22)
Marital Status (reference single/divorced)
 Married/Common-law 1.13 (0.76-1.67) 0.87 (0.69-1.11) 1.11 (0.77-1.60) 1.04 (0.67-1.64) 1.02 (0.80-1.30)
Location of MD training (reference Canadian MD)
 IMG 1.73 (0.93-3.20) 0.94 (0.68-1.32) 0.85 (0.52-1.41) 1.72 (0.77-3.83) 0.96 (0.67-1.36)
Region (reference Ontario)
 Western Canada 0.81 (0.51-1.30) 1.96 (1.50-2.57) 1.41 (0.93-2.14) 1.22 (0.72-2.08) 2.73 (2.08-3.57)
 Atlantic Canada 0.35 (0.16-0.77) 1.74 (1.00-3.05) 1.42 (0.54-3.76) 0.65 (0.24-1.78) 2.46 (1.33-4.53)
 Quebec 0.76 (0.44-1.34) 1.49 (1.08-2.05) 1.13 (0.68-1.85) 0.97 (0.52-1.82) 2.27 (1.64-3.13)
Age groupings (years) (reference <30)
 30-34 0.99 (0.62-1.57) 0.88 (0.67-1.16) 0.87 (0.57-1.33) 1.13 (0.66-1.92) 1.05 (0.79-1.39)
 35+ 0.54 (0.30-1.00) 1.01 (0.68-1.50) 0.60 (0.34-1.05) 0.97 (0.46-2.07) 0.89 (0.59-1.33)
Childhood environment (reference urban/suburban)
 Small town 1.15 (0.69-1.91) 0.90 (0.67-1.21) 1.06 (0.66-1.68) 1.05 (0.59-1.88) 1.58 (1.17-2.14)
 Rural/remote/isolated 0.99 (0.58-1.72) 1.31 (0.96-1.78) 1.00 (0.60-1.67) 0.90 (0.49-1.68) 1.91 (1.36-2.69)
 Mixture of environment 0.67 (0.34-1.31) 1.20 (0.77-1.89) 0.75 (0.41-1.40) 0.61 (0.28-1.32) 1.13 (0.71-1.79)
  Office-based clinical procedures (21f) In-hospital clinical procedures (21g) Emergency departments (21h) In-hospital (21i) Care in the home (21j)
Parenthood (reference male, non-parent)
 Male, parent 1.13 (0.66-1.96) 0.71 (0.47-1.06) 0.82 (0.55-1.23) 0.98 (0.65-1.50) 0.86 (0.57-1.29)
 Female, non-parent 1.39 (1.01-1.93) 0.49 (0.38-0.63) 0.46 (0.36-0.59) 0.76 (0.59-0.98) 1.07 (0.84-1.37)
 Female, parent 1.00 (0.61-1.64) 0.30 (0.20-0.44) 0.26 (0.17-0.39) 0.49 (0.33-0.73) 0.79 (0.53-1.16)
Marital Status (reference single/divorced)
 Married/Common-law 0.88 (0.65-1.20) 0.92 (0.73-1.17) 0.90 (0.71-1.14) 0.87 (0.69-1.10) 0.91 (0.72-1.15)
Location of MD training (reference Canadian MD)
 IMG 1.46 (0.88-2.43) 0.74 (0.52-1.05) 0.87 (0.62-1.22) 0.99 (0.71-1.39) 1.51 (1.09-2.10)
Region (reference Ontario)
 Western Canada 2.50 (1.75-3.58) 1.76 (1.35-2.30) 2.09 (1.60-2.73) 1.22 (0.94-1.59) 1.98 (1.52-2.58)
 Atlantic Canada 0.94 (0.48-1.84) 1.17 (0.66-2.09) 1.84 (1.05-3.24) 1.72 (0.93-3.19) 2.40 (1.39-4.15)
 Quebec 1.44 (0.97-2.14) 1.33 (0.96-1.83) 1.52 (1.10-2.11) 0.76 (0.56-1.03) 2.92 (2.13-3.99)
Age groupings (years) (reference <30)
 30-34 1.17 (0.81-1.69) 1.36 (1.04-1.77) 1.31 (1.01-1.71) 1.27 (0.97-1.67) 1.03 (0.80-1.35)
 35+ 1.02 (0.61-1.71) 1.08 (0.72-1.61) 1.15 (0.77-1.71) 1.03 (0.69-1.52) 1.17 (0.80-1.35)
Childhood environment (reference urban/suburban)
 Small town 1.54 (1.03-2.30) 1.64 (1.24-2.19) 1.97 (1.48-2.62) 1.52 (1.14-2.02) 1.44 (1.09-1.91)
 Rural/remote/isolated 1.30 (0.85-1.99) 3.07 (2.25-4.19) 2.83 (2.06-3.87) 2.55 (1.81-3.60) 1.83 (1.35-2.49)
 Mixture of environment 1.01 (0.57-1.79) 2.36 (1.50-3.69) 2.14 (1.36-3.38) 0.96 (0.61-1.50) 1.12 (0.72-1.76)
  Long-term care facilities (21k) Marginalized, disadvantaged and vulnerable (21l) Rural populations (21m) Elderly populations (21n) First Nations (21o)
Parenthood (reference male, non-parent)
 Male, parent 1.51 (1.00-2.25) 1.08 (0.71-1.63) 0.93 (0.61-1.42) 1.17 (0.58-2.37) 1.01 (0.66-1.54)
 Female, non-parent 1.03 (0.80-1.32) 1.19 (0.92-1.52) 0.84 (0.65-1.09) 1.17 (0.75-1.81) 0.98 (0.75-1.27)
 Female, parent 0.93 (0.63-1.37) 0.89 (0.60-1.32) 0.65 (0.43-0.98) 1.77 (0.84-3.71) 0.67 (0.44-1.01)
Marital Status (reference single/divorced)
 Married/Common-law 0.81 (0.64-1.02) 0.89 (0.70-1.13) 1.06 (0.83-1.34) 1.25 (0.82-1.90) 1.08 (0.84-1.38)
Location of MD training (reference Canadian MD)
 IMG 1.27 (1.06-2.03) 1.10 (0.78-1.55) 1.25 (0.88-1.77) 1.51 (0.79-2.90) 0.79 (0.56-1.11)
Region (reference Ontario)
 Western Canada 2.72 (2.09-3.54) 4.34 (3.33-5.67) 1.54 (1.19-2.00) 1.30 (0.82-2.07) 8.09 (6.02-10.86)
 Atlantic Canada 1.59 (0.91-2.78) 3.55 (2.02-6.24) 2.41 (1.32-4.42) 1.42 (0.48-4.20) 1.98 (1.10-3.56)
 Quebec 1.72 (1.25-2.36) 2.43 (1.78-3.31) 1.75 (1.28-2.41) 1.30 (0.72-2.35) 2.70 (1.92-3.80)
Age groupings (years) (reference <30)
 30-34 0.91 (0.70-1.18) 1.22 (0.93-1.59) 1.33 (1.01-1.75) 0.74 (0.46-1.19) 1.13 (0.86-1.49)
 35+ 1.16 (0.79-1.70) 1.14 (0.77-1.70) 1.15 (0.77-1.72) 0.42 (0.22-0.79) 1.10 (0.73-1.65)
Childhood environment (reference urban/suburban)
 Small town 1.26 (0.95-1.68) 0.98 (0.73-1.30) 2.14 (1.60-2.86) 1.22 (0.70-2.12) 1.22 (0.90-1.65)
 Rural/remote/isolated 1.54 (1.13-2.10) 1.30 (0.94-1.78) 5.08 (3.53-7.31) 1.03 (0.58-1.83) 1.98 (1.42-2.76)
 Mixture of environment 1.03 (0.66-1.62) 0.79 (0.50-1.25) 1.81 (1.14-2.87) 0.68 (0.34-1.35) 1.57 (0.97-2.53)
  1. Note: odds ratios significant at p <0.05 are indicated in italics