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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Job satisfaction of the primary healthcare providers with expanded roles in the context of health service integration in rural China: a cross-sectional mixed methods study

Characteristics, n (%) Overall Physicians providing clinic services only Public health workers Physicians with expanded roles Nurses with expanded roles P
Gender
 Male 404 (35.28%) 44 (39.64%) 304 (44.70%) 19 (10.38%) 34 (23.45%) < 0.00 1
 Female 741 (64.72%) 67 (60.36%) 376 (55.29%) 164 (89.62%) 111 (76.55%)  
Age
 < 25 54 (4.73%) 4 (3.67%) 24 (3.53%) 18 (9.94%) 4 (2.74%) < 0.00 1
 25–34 335 (29.36%) 36 (33.03%) 180 (26.47%) 73 (40.33%) 41 (28.08%)  
 35–44 546 (47.85%) 57 (52.29%) 337 (49.56%) 69 (38.12%) 75 (51.37%)  
 45–54 157 (13.76%) 9 (8.26%) 104 (15.29%) 18 (9.94%) 20 (13.70%)  
 ≥ 55 49 (4.29%) 3 (2.76%) 35 (5.15%) 3 (1.66%) 6 (4.11%)  
Educational background
 Bachelor or above 438 (38.19%) 39 (35.13%) 275 (40.38%) 66 (35.87%) 52 (35.62%) 0.64 2
 Junior college 481 (41.94%) 46 (41.44%) 272 (39.94%) 85 (46.19%) 64 (43.83%)  
 High school or below 228 (19.88%) 26 (23.42%) 134 (19.67%) 33 (17.93%) 30 (20.55%)  
Professional status
 Senior/deputy senior 18 (1.58%) 1 (0.92%) 13 (1.92%) 3 (1.64%) < 0.00 1
 Intermediate 398 (34.88%) 22 (20.18%) 254 (37.46%) 61 (33.33%) 50 (34.25%)  
 Primary 505 (44.26%) 51 (46.79%) 290 (42.77%) 83 (45.35%) 74 (50.68%)  
 Lower than primary 220 (19.28%) 35 (32.11%) 121 (17.85%) 36 (19.67%) 22 (15.07%)  
Employment status
 Temporary 876 (76.17%) 79 (71.17%) 558 (81.94%) 109 (59.24%) 111 (76.03%) < 0.00 1
 Permanent 274 (23.83%) 32 (28.83%) 123 (18.06%) 75 (40.76%) 35 (23.97%)  
Hours worked per week
 Total 49.76 (9.73) 47.73 (7.43) 50.17 (10.03) 49.44 (9.93) 50.30 (10.02)  
 < 40 26 (2.36%) 4 (3.74%) 10 (1.54%) 9 (5.06%) 2 (1.42%) 0.02 7
 40–56 980 (89.01%) 100 (93.46%) 578 (88.79%) 153 (85.95%) 126 (89.36%)  
 ≥ 57 95 (8.63%) 3 (2.80%) 63 (9.68) 16 (8.99%) 13 (9.22%)  
Monthly income (CNY)
 Total 4033.08 (1463.78) 3747.66 (1245.55) 4103.79 (1465.87) 3823.07 (1517.57) 4189.14 (1473.90)  
 < 3 000 285 (26.56%) 37 (36.63%) 160 (25.04%) 50 (28.41%) 31 (22.46%) 0.00 2
 3 000–3 999 204 (19.01%) 16 (15.84%) 110 (17.21%) 43 (24.43%) 33 (23.91%)  
 4 000–4 999 233 (21.71%) 29 (28.71%) 150 (23.47%) 29 (16.48%) 23 (16.67%)  
 ≥ 5 000 351 (32.71%) 19 (18.81%) 219 (34.27%) 54 (30.68%) 51 (36.96%)  
Work autonomy
 Feel high autonomy 714 (62.47%) 69 (62.16%) 433 (63.86%) 109 (59.24%) 89 (61.38%) 0.69 3
 Feel low autonomy 429 (37.53%) 42 (37.84%) 245 (36.13%) 75 (40.76%) 56 (38.62%)  
Proportion of the working time spent on public health
 Total (%) 68.14 (41.68) 0 100 29.01 (23.98) 31.81 (25.35) < 0.00 1
 < 20 276 (24.08%) 111 (100%) 82 (44.56%) 59 (40.41%)  
 20–40 81 (7.07%) 49 (26.63%) 32 (21.92%)  
 40–60 52 (4.54%) 24 (13.04%) 28 (19.18%)  
 60–80 29 (2.53%) 14 (7.61%) 15 (10.27%)  
 > 80 708 (61.78%) 318 (100%) 15 (8.15%) 12 (8.22%)  
Job satisfaction
 Satisfied 875 (77.37%) 84 (75.67%) 519 (77.58%) 137 (74.86%) 113 (79.02%) 0.79 3
 Dissatisfied 256 (22.63%) 27 (24.32%) 150 (22.42%) 46 (25.14%) 30 (20.98%)