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Table 5 Multinomial logistic regression analysis of doctors intending to migrate (n = 134). Comparison group was n = 76 doctors intending to remain in Ireland. Unadjusted and adjusted for DEM/GEM

From: The impacts of training pathways and experiences during intern year on doctor emigration from Ireland

  Leave but return Leave permanently   
  RRR [95% CI] p RRR [95% CI] p χ2† p
Unadjusted
 Study pathway—GEM entry (v. DEM) 0.20 [0.11–0.39] 0.00 0 0.31 [0.09–1.06] 0.06 2 0.4 0.50 7
Adjusted for Study pathway
 Sexmale (v. female) 0.86 [0.47–1.60] 0.64 2 1.19 [0.38–3.74] 0.76 1 0.3 0.56 4
 Age 0.88 [0.76–1.01] 0.07 8 0.82 [0.57–1.17] 0.27 2 0.2 0.69 1
 Debt - €10 K+ (v. <€10 K) 1.01 [0.51–1.99] 0.97 7 1.18 [0.33–4.23] 0.80 2 0.1 0.80 6
Specialty (reference GP)
 Medicine 3.01 [1.09–8.34] 0.03 4 0.89 [0.13–6.13] 0.90 4   
 Surgery 1.85 [0.66–5.22] 0.24 6 1.59 [0.27–9.32] 0.60 5   
 Other 1.82 [0.60–5.56] 0.29 1 1.20 [0.17–8.60] 0.85 5   
Experience as an intern
 Overall negative experience 1.16 [1.00–1.34] 0.04 3 1.54 [1.15–2.04] 0.00 3 4.1 0.04 3
 Emotional exhaustion (burnout) 1.08 [0.89–1.32] 0.41 0 1.57 [1.08–2.27] 0.01 7 4.1 0.04 2
 Depersonalization (callousness) 1.23 [1.03–1.46] 0.02 3 1.77 [1.24–2.53] 0.00 2 4.3 0.03 7
Perception of training in Ireland
 Overall positive perception 0.94 [0.73–1.19] 0.58 9 0.50 [0.26–0.94] 0.03 2 3.9 0.04 8
 Overall negative perception 1.16 [1.01–1.34] 0.03 7 1.15 [0.89–1.50] 0.28 4 0.0 0.95 2
 Don't know 0.87 [0.72–1.05] 0.14 4 0.83 [0.58–1.20] 0.51 6 0.1 0.81 6
  1. RRR relative risk ratio, CI confidence interval, GEM Graduate Entry Medicine, DEM Direct Entry Medicine, GP General Practice
  2. The reported chi-square test examines the relationship between the results of the two categories of leavers