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Table 1 Study locations and reasons for selection

From: Optimising the performance of frontline implementers engaged in the NTD programme in Nigeria: lessons for strengthening community health systems for universal health coverage

States LGAs selected Reasons for selection
Kaduna State Igabi • Located in the northern part of Kaduna
• It is mainly urban.
• Therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic is higher than the state average
• Sociocultural tribe—mainly Hausa
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis is much lower than state average
• Therapeutic coverage for STHs is higher than state average
Ikara • Located in the northern part of Kaduna.
• It is mainly rural
• Sociocultural tribe—Hausa Fulani
• Therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic is higher than the state average
• Therapeutic coverage for STHs is higher than the state average
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis is much lower than state average
Kachia • Located in the southern part of Kaduna.
• It is mainly urban.
• Has other socio-cultural groups.
• Therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic is higher than the state average
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis and STHs is much lower than state average
• Sociocultural tribe—Adara, Gbagi and Ham
Jema’a (solution finding only) • Located in Southern Kaduna
• It is an urban.
• Shares a border with two other states.
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis is generally higher than the state average.
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis and STHs is much lower than state average.
• Sociocultural tribe—Fantswam and Hausa Fulani
Kagarko (solution finding only) • Located in Eastern Kaduna
• It is largely rural.
• Shares a border with two other states.
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis slightly higher than the state average.
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis is high due to the treatment of adult populations and internally displaced people.
• Treatment for STHs did not take place during the 2016 annual treatment round
Sociocultural tribe—Koro and Gbagi
Kabau (solution finding only) • Located in Northern Kaduna
• It is largely urban.
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis higher than the state average.
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis and STHs lower than state averages.
• Sociocultural tribe—Hausa and Fulani
Ogun State Yewa North • Located in western Ogun.
• It is a rural LGA
• Shares a border with Republic of Benin.
• An ethnic socio-cultural tribe (Yewa tribe).
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis is generally higher than the state average.
• Therapeutic coverage for schistosomiasis and STHs lower than state averages.
Ijebu East • Located in eastern Ogun, mainly rural.
• Shares a border with two states.
• Home to the Ijebu tribe.
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis is higher than the state average.
• Lower for lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis and STHs.
Abeokuta North • Located in the central Ogun, a mix of rural and urban LGA.
• Mainly Egba tribes with some migrant population (Fulani herd’s men).
• Therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis and schistosomiasis is generally higher than the state average.
• STHs have a lower coverage than state average.
Remo North (solution finding only) • Located in the eastern part of the state, rural.
• Borders another state.
• Home of the Remo tribe.
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis is higher than the state average.
• Lower for lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis and STHs.
Imeko Afon (solution finding only) • Located in the western part of the state.
• Borders the Republic of Benin.
• It is a rural area.
• Home of the Yewa tribe.
• The therapeutic coverage for onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis and STHs is lower than state average.
Ijebu Ode (solution finding only) • Located in the eastern part of the state.
• It is an urban area.
• Home of the Ijebu tribe.
• The therapeutic coverage for lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis and STHs is lower than the state average.