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Table 4 Characteristics of physicians and nurses. Mexico, ENOE Trim III-2017

From: Gender inequality in the health workforce in the midst of achieving universal health coverage in Mexico

 PhysiciansNurses
TotalWomenMenTotalWomenMen
N292 035141 728150 307591 801519 408723 93
n1 0704446262 1181 824294
%100.048.551.5100.087.812.2
Employment pattern
 Employment72.7 [68.4, 76.6]68.2 [60.6, 74.9]77.0 [72.2, 81.2]*51.8 [48.5, 55.0]50.7 [47.3, 54.1]59.8 [54.6, 64.8]*
 Quantitative underemployment4.6 [3.2, 6.6]4.1 [2.6, 6.6]5.1 [3.1, 8.3]3.6 [2.5, 5.2]3.7 [2.5, 5.5]2.9 [1.5, 5.4]
 Qualitative underemployment11.5 [9.2, 14.2]12.7 [9.3, 17.0]10.3 [7.7, 13.6]19.4 [16.7, 22.3]18.5 [15.6, 21.7]25.7 [20.7, 31.4]
 Underemployment1.4 [0.7, 2.8]0.5 [0.2, 1.1]2.3 [1.1, 4.8]3.2 [2.0, 5.1]2.3 [1.5, 3.5]9.7 [8.2, 11.3]
 Household activities9.8 [7.5, 12.5]14.5 [11.0, 18.9]5.3 [3.3, 8.2]22.0 [19.4, 24.9]24.8 [21.9, 28.1]2.0 [0.9, 4.3]
Age group
 20–2916.8 [13.2, 21.2]20.5 [14.2, 28.6]13.4 [9.8, 18.1]*27.7 [24.8, 30.9]25.0 [22.2, 28.1]47.2 [42.8, 51.6]*
 30–3924.7 [19.6, 30.7]27.2 [19.1, 37.1]22.4 [17.3, 28.3]24.3 [21.4, 27.5]24.1 [21.0, 27.6]25.5 [19.4, 32.7]
 40–4921.8 [14.1, 32.2]26.6 [13.0, 46.8]17.4 [12.8, 23.2]22.8 [19.9, 25.9]23.2 [20.1, 26.5]20.0 [12.9, 29.6]
 50–5921.4 [18.0, 25.2]20.5 [15.6, 26.4]22.3 [18.3, 26.9]16.8 [14.4, 19.5]18.2 [15.5, 21.2]6.9 [5.4, 8.7]
 60–6912.7 [10.2, 15.7]4.6 [2.9, 7.1]20.3 [16.7, 24.5]5.7 [4.0, 8.2]6.5 [4.5, 9.3]0.4 [0.3, 0.7]
 70+2.5 [1.6, 4.0]0.7 [0.3, 1.8]4.2 [2.5, 6.9]2.6 [1.6, 4.3]3.0 [1.8, 4.9] 
Schooling
 Technician   48.3 [45.1, 51.6]49.0 [45.5, 52.5]43.9 [38.9, 48.9]
 Graduate74.3 [65.0, 81.9]74.0 [54.8, 86.9]74.7 [69.1, 79.6]50.8 [47.5, 54]50.2 [46.7, 53.6]55.0 [49.9, 60]
 Specialty/postgraduate25.7 [18.1, 35.0]26.0 [13.1, 45.2]25.3 [20.4, 30.9]0.9 [0.5, 1.7]0.9 [0.4, 1.7]1.2 [0.4, 3.5]
Marital status
 No partner36.3 [30.9, 42]44.7 [34.4, 55.5]28.3 [23.8, 33.3]*43.0 [39.5, 46.6]42.9 [39.1, 46.7]44.1 [39.3, 48.9]
 With partner63.7 [58, 69.1]55.3 [44.5, 65.6]71.7 [66.7, 76.2]57.0 [53.4, 60.5]57.1 [53.3, 60.9]55.9 [51.1, 60.7]
Location
 Rural2.7 [2.4, 3.0]2.0 [1.7, 2.5]3.3 [3.1, 3.4]6.5 [5.9, 7.1]6.8 [6.2, 7.5]3.8 [3.3, 4.3]
 Urban97.3 [97, 97.6]98.0 [97.5, 98.3]96.7 [96.6, 96.9]93.5 [92.9, 94.1]93.2 [92.5, 93.8]96.2 [95.7, 96.7]
  1. *P value < 0.05
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