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Table 1 Estimation demand for physicians, results per medical specialty

From: Biased technical change in hospital care and the demand for physicians

Specialties α 0
Constant
b 1
Specialty admissions
b 2
Hospital admissions
d 1
General Hospital reference category
d 2
dummy after 2013
h 1
Trend
Anaesthesiology 1.401 − 0.015 1.015 − 0.189 0.447 − 0.106
(0.082) (0.024) (0.024) (0.051) (0.088) (0.014)
Cardiology 0.094 0.096 0.904 − 0.196 0.217 0.020
(0.079) (0.095) (0.095) (0.045) (0.074) (0.012)
Cardio-thoracic surgery − 0.324 0.123 0.877 − 0.180 0.089 0.008
(0.215) (0.084) (0.084) (0.194) (0.188) (0.036)
Dermatology − 0.560 0.029 0.971 − 0.046 0.314 0.006
(0.078) (0.019) (0.019) (0.051) (0.079) (0.012)
Surgeries 1.019 − 0.595 1.595 − 0.121 0.371 − 0.011
(0.146) (0.144) (0.144) (0.047) (0.081) (0.013)
Internal medicine − 0.074 0.680 0.320 − 0.461 0.225 0.018
(0.132) (0.107) (0.107) (0.053) (0.091) (0.015)
ENT − 0.469 0.377 0.623 − 0.179 0.185 0.021
(0.062) (0.077) (0.077) (0.044) (0.071) (0.012)
Paediatrics 0.225 1.507 − 0.507 − 0.215 0.069 0.019
(0.069) (0.092) (0.092) (0.047) (0.079) (0.013)
Gerontology − 0.724 0.253 0.747 0.196 0.309 0.045
(0.142) (0.031) (0.031) (0.081) (0.137) (0.022)
Pulmonology (0.058) (0.052) (0.052) (0.039) (0.065) (0.010)
Gastroenterology − 0.835 0.309 0.691 − 0.189 0.191 0.038
(0.081) (0.048) (0.048) (0.059) (0.087) (0.015)
Neurosurgery − 0.655 0.607 0.393 − 0.398 0.154 0.060
(0.176) (0.039) (0.039) (0.140) (0.170) (0.028)
Neurology 0.045 0.372 0.628 − 0.116 0.239 0.017
(0.062) (0.079) (0.079) (0.040) (0.066) (0.011)
Obstetrics/Gynaecology 0.164 0.119 0.881 − 0.090 0.238 0.008
(0.081) (0.085) (0.085) (0.043) (0.070) (0.011)
Ophthalmology − 0.228 0.265 0.735 − 0.028 0.386 − 0.005
(0.070) (0.039) (0.039) (0.050) (0.082) (0.013)
Orthopaedics − 0.217 0.282 0.718 − 0.019 0.185 0.010
(0.054) (0.042) (0.042) (0.037) (0.060) (0.010)
Plastic surgery − 0.801 0.663 0.337 − 0.226 0.115 0.069
(0.086) (0.042) (0.042) (0.061) (0.086) (0.015)
Psychiatry − 0.428 0.146 0.854 − 0.320 − 0.085 0.040
(0.298) (0.061) (0.061) (0.193) (0.301) (0.043)
Radiology 6.022    0.568 − 0.826 − 0.022
(0.991)    (0.862) (0.819) (0.150)
Radiation therapy 0.866 0.317 0.683 − 0.353 0.460 0.067
(0.557) (0.048) (0.048) (0.871) (0.249) (0.041)
Rheumatology − 0.426 0.360 0.640 − 0.053 0.216 0.026
(0.110) (0.034) (0.034) (0.060) (0.090) (0.015)
Urology − 0.596 0.227 0.773 − 0.087 0.168 0.021
(0.060) (0.058) (0.058) (0.043) (0.062) (0.01)
Allergies Specialty 1.537    0.673 1.061 − 0.072
(0.411)    (0.315) (0.411) (0.07)
Nuclear medicine 2.819    − 0.807 1.127 − 0.070
(0.743)    (0.918) (0.768) (0.130)