Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of 78 studies exploring pediatric nurse burnout included in the scoping review

From: What is known about paediatric nurse burnout: a scoping review

Author(s), year, countrySampleStudy designBurnout measurement tool
Adwan, 2014 [25] (USA)120 nurses from a large academic medical center, from four pediatric patient care units and pediatric float pool nursesCross-sectional correlational designMBI-HSS
Akman et al., 2016 [26] (Turkey)165 nurses who had worked at least 1 month in pediatric clinics, surgery clinics, PICU, NICUA descriptive, comparative, correlational cross-sectional designMBI-HSS
Alves and Guirardello, 2016 [27] (Brazil)267 nurses from 15 inpatient wards and three intensive care units of two pediatric hospitalsCross-sectional correlational designEE-HSS
Amin et al., 2015 [28] (India)129 nurses with at least 1-year experience working in NICUCross-sectional designProQOL5
Aytekin, 2013 [29] (Turkey)85 nurses working in two NICUsDescriptive and correlational study (multi-methods)MBI-HSS
Barr, 2018 [30] (Australia)142 nurses from four NICUsCross-sectional cohort studyProQOL5
Barr, 2018 [31] (Australia)140 nurses from four NICUsCross-sectional survey designProQOL5
Berger et al., 2015 [32] (USA)239 pediatric nurses working in a five-hospital system which included an urban pediatric tertiary care teaching hospitalCross-sectional survey designProQOL5
Bilal et al., 2017 [33] (Pakistan)113 pediatric nurses working in Punjab’s largest state-run hospitalCross-sectional survey designFive items adapted from the Camp scale (1994)
Bourbonnais et al., 1998 [34] (Canada)1 891; 57 pediatric nurses employed at six acute care hospitalsCross-sectional survey design (phase 1 of a longitudinal study)MBI; only separated out EE
Branch and Klinkenberg, 2015 [35] (USA)296; 179 pediatric nurses on ED, PICU, CICU, haem-onc, and cardiology unitsCross-sectional survey designProQOL5
Bursch et al., 2018 [36] (USA)115 nurses working in an urban children’s hospital PICU or NICUCross-sectional survey designAbbreviated MBI
Czaja et al., 2012 [37] (USA)173 nurses on general medical, surgical and oncology wards, PICU, and ED at a tertiary care children’s hospitalCross-sectional survey designMBI-HSS
Davis et al., 2013 [38] (USA)74, 15 pediatric oncology nurses from two major medical centersCross-sectional survey design (observational, descriptive research design)MBI
Dos Santos Alves et al., 2017 [39] (Brazil)267 nurses, nursing technicians, and nursing assistants on 15 in-patient units and three ICUs in two pediatric hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI: EE
Downey et al., 1995 [40] (USA)59 NICU nurses from a single stateMulti-methods design (surveys and open-ended questions)Adaptation of Popoff and Funkhouser ́s survey of nurses
Duxbury et al., 1984 [41] (USA)283 nurses from 14 level 3 NICUsCross-sectional survey designThe Tedium Scale
Edmonds et al., 2012 [42] (Canada)182; 88 pediatric oncology nurses from four major hospital centersInterventional, pre/post-designMBI
Estabrooks et al., 2011 [43] (Canada)844 nurses from 32 units across eight pediatric hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI-GS
Faller et al., 2011 [44] (USA)976; 117 pediatric/neonatal travel nurses employed by a large healthcare staffing companyCross-sectional survey designCBI
Favrod et al., 2018 [45] (Switzerland)213; 91 NICU nurses from two university hospitalsConcurrent triangulation, mixed-methods cross-sectional studyMBI
Gallagher and Gormley, 2009 [46] (USA)30 BMT nurses from a large pediatric medical centerDescriptive non-experimental design multi-method design (survey + an open-ended question)MBI
Gauthier et al., 2015 [47] (USA)45 PICU nurses at an urban pediatric academic hospitalInterventional, pre/post-designMBI-HSS
Günüşen et al., 2018 [48] (Turkey)117 pediatric nurses caring for children with chronic illness at an urban children’s public hospital from critical care, CV surgery, oncology, premature care, neonatal care, and burn careMixed-methods design (cross-sectional survey + interviews)MBI
Habadi et al., 2018 [49] (Saudi Arabia)182; 22 pediatric nurses working in an academic hospital including pediatric ward, NICU, and PICUCross-sectional survey designMBI-HSS
Hallberg, 1994 [50] (Sweden)11 pediatric mental health nurses from a nine-bed child psychiatric unitInterventional mixed-methods design (supervisory sessions, surveys + open ended questions)MBI and the Tedium Measure
Holden et al., 2011 [51] (USA)347 nurses at two urban academic tertiary care free-standing pediatric hospitals and three inpatient units were studied at each hospital: PICU hematology and oncology transplant and general medical/surgicalCross-sectional survey designMBI: EE
Hsu et al., 2010 [52] (Taiwan)121; five pediatric nurses found through the National Union of Nurses’ Associations Republic of China databaseCross-sectional survey designOccupational Burnout Scale
Hylton Rushton et al., 2015 [53] (USA)114; 20 pediatric nurses from two pediatric/neonatal unitsCross-sectional survey designMBI
Jacobs et al., 2018 [54] (USA)206; 47 nurses from six companies of the pediatric healthcare system and included employees from the medical center, primary care, home health, and other supporting departments in the systemCross-sectional survey designMBI and CBI
Kase et al., 2018 [55] (USA)150; 43 pediatric palliative care nurses identified through the American Academy of PediatricsCross-sectional survey designThe Compassion Fatigue and Satisfaction Self-Test for Helpers
Klein et al., 2017 [56] (Switzerland)398; 302 nurses from nine level 3 NICUsCross-sectional survey designA selection of 10 questions from the MBI covering each subscale
Koivula et al., 2000 [57] (Finland)723; 21 pediatric nurses from two hospitalsCross-sectional survey designPaunonen’s instrument
Latimer et al., 2017 [58] (Canada)51; 27 female NICU and PICU nurses at large tertiary pediatric hospitalCross-sectional design (survey + fMRI)Compassion Fatigue Scale
Lewiston et al., 1981 [59] (USA)96; 38 nurses attending a workshop for health professionals who work with children with chronic illnessCross-sectional survey designMBI
Li et al., 2014 [60] (USA)251 new nurses entering a residency program at an urban children’s hospitalCross-sectional survey designCompassion satisfaction and fatigue test
Liakopoulou et al., 2008 [61] (Greece)113; 71 nurses from two pediatric departmentsCross-sectional, comparative, and correlational descriptive designMBI
Lin et al., 2009 [62] (China)249; 14 pediatric nurses working in a large public teaching hospitalCross-sectional survey designMBI-HSS
Lin et al., 2016 [63] (Taiwan)144 female PICU nurses from seven regional teaching hospitals or higher-level medical institutionsCross-sectional, correlational, survey designOccupational Burnout Inventory
Liu et al., 2018 [64] (China)1 761; 101 nurses from nine public tertiary hospitals in four provincesCross-sectional survey design(Chinese) MBI-GS
Maytum et al., 2004 [65] (USA)20 nurses recruited from throughout the state with extensive nursing expertise working with children with chronic conditionsDescriptive, qualitative studySelf-identification
Meadors et al., 2009 [66] (USA)167; 23 nurses located nationwide working in PICU, NICU, or general pediatricsCross-sectional, correlational survey designProQL
Messmer et al., 2011 [67] (USA)33 nurses with 2 years or less experience hired at a children’s hospitalCross-sectional descriptive, correlational studyThe Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)
Meyer et al., 2015 [16] (USA)251 nurses entering an RN residency program at an urban children’s hospitalLongitudinal studyCompassion Fatigue Self-Test
Moody et al., 2013 [68] (USA and Israel)47; 25 pediatric oncology nurses from two urban academic pediatric hematology/oncology programsInterventional, mixed methods (survey + journal), pre/post-designMBI
Morelius et al., 2013 [69] (Sweden)47 nurses from two departments at a university hospital, a level 3 NICU, and a child and adolescent psychiatry inpatient wardAn exploratory, prospective designCBI
Morrison Wylde et al., 2017 [70] (USA)95 nurses entering a pediatric nurse residency program in a children’s hospital in an urban areaInterventional pre/post-designThe Compassion Fatigue Self-Test
Moussa and Mahmood, 2013 [71] (Egypt)55 PICU nursesCross-sectional, descriptive, correlational designMBI-HSS
Mudallal et al., 2017 [72] (Jordan)407; 39 pediatric nurses, total sample from 11 hospitalsCross-sectional, correlational designMBI-HSS
Murphy-Oikonen et al., 2010 [73] (Canada)14 NICU nurses at a regional hospitalQualitative exploratory study; computer-assisted personal interview formatSelf-identification
Neumann et al., 2018 [74] (USA)914; 238 pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant nursesCross-sectional survey designMBI
Nguyen et al., 2018 [75] (Vietnam)500; 78 pediatric nurses from a general hospital, children’s hospital and obstetric hospitalCross-sectional survey designMBI:GS
Oehler et al., 1991 [77] (USA)49 nurses in PICU, NICU, and intermediate care unit at a large tertiary medical centerCross-sectional survey designMBI
Oehler and Davidson, 1992 [76] (USA)121 nurses working in a level 3 NICUCross-sectional correlational designMBI
Ohue et al., 2011 [78] (Japan)336; 27 pediatric nurses from three acute care hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI (revised version)
Pagel and Wittmann, 1986 [79] (USA)74 nurses working in 13 acute care pediatric settings across three large medical centers and 10 community hospitalsMulti-methods survey designThe Tedium Measure
Paula Vega et al., 2017 [98] (Chile)153 nurses working in pediatric oncology or PICUCross-sectional designMBI
Profit et al., 2014 [80] (USA)2 073; 1 499 RNs/NPs from 44 NICUsCross-sectional survey studyFour-item EE scale, based on the MBI
Richter et al., 2012 [81] (South Africa)17 nurses working in the pediatric ward of an overburdened public hospital where intervention was rolled outInterventional pre/post-designMBI-HSS
Robins et al., 2009 [82] (USA)314; 136 nurses from the Divisions of Oncology, Cardiology, Nephrology, Emergency Services, Intensive Care Units, Rehabilitation/Child Development, Psychology, Social Work, and Anesthesiology. General medical nurses who provided care on the medical/surgical and critical care floors but did not belong to a specific pediatric division were also recruited.Cross-sectional designCompassion Satisfaction and Fatigue Test
Rochefort and Clarke, 2010 [83] (Canada)339 NICU nurses working in nine large urban, publicly-administered teaching hospitalsCross-sectional correlational survey designMBI: EE
Rodrigues et al., 2018 [85] (USA)32 and 41; study 1: 32 nurses working in a 44-bed pediatric inpatient care unit at a large urban hospital; study 2: participants included 41 nurses working in general pediatric inpatient units at two large urban children’s hospitals (27 from site 1 and 14 from site 2)Mixed methods (focus groups + surveys)Study 1: self-report; study 2: MBI: EE, DP
Rodrigues et al., 2018 [84] (USA)33 nurses working on a 44-bed pediatric inpatient care unit at a large urban hospitalInterventional, post-intervention, repeated measures designMBI: EE, DP
Rodriguez-Rey et al., 2018 [86] (Spain)487; 281 nurses from PICU and general pediatrics at nine hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI
Roney and Acri, 2018 [87] (USA)318 nurses—current members of the Society of Pediatric Nurses (SPN)Cross-sectional survey designProQOL
Sekol and Kim, 2014 [88] (USA)240 nurses working in surgical, medical, critical care, and hematology/oncology units of a children’s hospitalCross-sectional survey designProQOL5
Skorobogatova et al., 2017 [89] (Lithuania)94 nurses working in NICUs of two tertiary care perinatology centersCross-sectional survey designMBI-HSS
Soroush et al., 2016 [90] (Iran)86 NICU nurses from all educational hospitals in the regionCross-sectional, descriptive, survey designMBI
Squires et al., 2013 [91] (Canada)735 nurses from 15 children’s hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI-GS
Stimpfel et al., 2013 [92] (USA)3 710 NICU, PICU, newborn nursery, and general pediatrics nurses from 342 hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI-HSS
Sun et al., 2017 [93] (China)602; 51 pediatric nurses from three hospitalsCross-sectional survey designMBI-HSS
Sun et al., 1996 [94] (China)1 100; 277 pediatric nurses from multiple medical centersCross-sectional survey designMBI
Tawfik et al., 2017 [95] (USA)1 934; 1 374 NICU nurses from 44 NICUs in the same stateCross-sectional survey designMBI
Tawfik et al., 2017 [96] (USA)2 073; 1 464 NICU nurses from 44 NICUs in the same stateCross-sectional designMBI
Vicentic et al., 2016 [97] (Serbia)60; 30 nurses/technicians of children with CP; control group of 30 pediatric nurses/technicians, as caregivers of normally developing, non-palsy childrenCase-control studyMBI-HSS
Watson and Feld, 1996 [99] (New Zealand)14 pediatric ward nursesMulti-methods design (surveys and open-ended questions)MBI
Yao et al., 2018 [100] (China)860; 44 pediatric nursesCross-sectional designMBI-GS
Zanatta and Lucca, 2015 [101] (Brazil)188; 57 pediatric nurses at a single institutionCross-sectional designMBI-HSS
  1. Total sample size is provided, in addition to sample size of pediatric nurses, if pediatric nurses were a subgroup of a larger sample
  2. MBI Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI-GS Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey; MBI-HSS Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey; EE Emotional Exhaustion, a subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory; DP Depersonalization, a subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory; CBI Copenhagen Burnout Inventory; ProQOL Professional Quality of Life Scale; ProQOL5 Professional Quality of Life Scale, version 5; ED emergency department; PICU pediatric intensive care unit; NICU neonatal intensive care unit; CICU cardiovascular intensive care unit; Haem-onc hematology-oncology; BMT bone marrow transplant; CP cerebral palsy