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Table 3 Mean proportion of time on top-level task categories, with pairwise and overall significance

From: Clarifying workforce flexibility from a division of labor perspective: a mixed methods study of an emergency department team

 Assessment and DiagnosisInvestigations and ProceduresMedicationOrganization of CarePatient Communication and ComfortOff task
DR*51.1% (12.4)9.7% (12.7)7.2% (5.9)12.2% (6.4)9.2% (4.4)10.5% (11.6)
NP*38.1% (15.8)14.9% (12.1)6.9% (8.8)14.6% (10.4)14.3% (8.6)11.3% (10.8)
RN*22.4% (11.3)13.6% (10.6)14.4% (11.4)27.6% (13.5)8.1% (4.7)14.0% (15.8)
DR/NP**≤ .001 (276.0).078 (406.5).342 (470.0).546 (497.0).013 (350.0).617 (505.0)
DR/RN**≤ .001 (67.0).061 (449.5).012 (394.0)≤ .001 (132.0).203 (500.0).437 (542.0)
NP/RN**≤ .001 (280.0).623 (602.5).002 (374.5)≤ .001 (230.0)≤ .001 (355.0).778 (621.0)
Overall***≤ .001 (46.6).108 (4.6).003 (11.3)≤ .001 (36.8).002 (12.5).732 (0.6)
  1. Significant results bolded at P < .05
  2. *Mean total time on task, % (SD)
  3. **Mann-Whitney U, p (U)
  4. ***Kruskal Wallis, p (χ2)