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Table 3 Gender pay gap by year among US DHHS employees during 2010–2018

From: Narrowing but persisting gender pay gap among employees of the US Department of Health and Human Services during 2010–2018

Dep. Var: ln(salary) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 2016 2017 2018
Panel 1: Controlling location
 Female  − 0.131*  − 0.118*  − 0.111*  − 0.101*  − 0.094*  − 0.086*  − 0.084*  − 0.083*
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.004) (0.004) (0.003) (0.003)
 R2 0.323 0.336 0.338 0.348 0.346 0.351 0.343 0.346
Panel 2: Controlling location, occupation, and pay plan
 Female  − 0.053*  − 0.049*  − 0.050*  − 0.046*  − 0.044*  − 0.035*  − 0.028*  − 0.035*
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.003) (0.002) (0.003) (0.002)
 R2 0.736 0.734 0.740 0.739 0.722 0.724 0.664 0.736
Panel 3: Controlling location, occupation, pay plan, and grade
 Female  − 0.018*  − 0.019*  − 0.020*  − 0.017*  − 0.016*  − 0.010*  − 0.008*  − 0.010*
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.002) (0.001)
 R2 0.897 0.889 0.887 0.892 0.886 0.907 0.862 0.903
  1. DHHS US Department of Health and Human Services; standard errors in parentheses; * p < 0.0001