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Table 2 Presence of nine core standards for orthotist/prosthetist regulation by country and income category (High Income, Upper-Middle Income, Lower-Middle Income and Low Income)

From: Regulation of the global orthotist/prosthetist workforce, and what we might learn from allied health professions with international-level regulatory support: a narrative review

  Presence of Government Regulation Presence of Core Standards Number of Core Standards (Total)
Minimum Training/Education Entry-level Competency Standards Scope of Practice Code of Conduct Course Accreditation Continuing Professional Development Language Standard Recency-of-Practice Return-to-Practice
High-Income country n = 14 (47%)
 1 X X X X X X X X X 9
 2 X X X X X X X X X 9
 3 X X X X X X X X X X 9
 4* X X X X X X X X 7
 5 X X X X X X X X X X 9
 6 X n/a X 2
 7 X X n/a 1
 8* X^ X X X X X X X X X 9
 9* 0
 10* X X X X X X X X 7
 11* X 1
 12 X X X X X X X X X X 9
 13* X X X X X X X 7
 14* X X X X X X X 7
Upper-Middle-Income country n = 4 (13%)
 15* X X X X X X X 7
 16* X X X X X X 6
 17* X X X X X X X X 8
 18* X X X X X X X 7
Lower-Middle-Income country n = 5 (17%)
 19* X X X X X 5
 20 X X X X 3
 21* X 1
 22* X X X X X X 6
 23* X X X 3
Low-Income country n = 7 (23%)
 24* n/a X X X 3
 25* n/a 0
 26* X X X X X X 5
 27* X X X X X X 5
 28* n/a 0
 29* X n/a 1
 30* X X X X n/a X X X 7
Total (%) 10 (33%) 25 (83%) 20 (67%) 14 (47%) 19 (63%) 19 (63%) 14 (47%) 16 (53%) 15 (50%) 11 (37%)  
  1. X = standard in place;–= standard absent
  2. *represents those countries where email contact was made with the association/regulatory to clarify the scan data (n = 22)
  3. ^ represents one country whereby specific states/regions had a government regulator
  4. n/a signifies the absence of an in-country training programme