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Table 2 Generalized estimating equations (GEE) results for cadre-specific WISN-based requirement values averaged-over states and years

From: Workforce problems at rural public health-centres in India: a WISN retrospective analysis and national-level modelling study

Centre-cadre combination Current norms according IPHS (Revised 2012) n Mean WISN-based need (rounded) [95% CI] Mean WISN-based need (raw) [SE] QIC Working correlation matrix (GEE)
PHC-nurses 4 98 15 [13, 16] 14.867 [0.752] −2877.731 Exchangeable
PHC-doctors 1 170 2 [2, 3] 1.834 [0.186] 258.998 Exchangeable
CHC-GDMOs 2 72 4 [3, 4] 3.328 [0.293] −246.012 Auto-correlation
CHC-nurses 10 79 45 [42, 49] 45.145 [1.658] −32252.368 Independence
CHC-physicians 1 178 2 [2] 1.579 [0.075] 158.300 Independence
CHC-surgeons 1 133 2 [2] 1.317 [0.115] 231.274 Auto-correlation
CHC-OBGYNs 1 110 2 [1, 2] 1.113 [0.058] 258.702 Auto-correlation
CHC-paediatricians 1 209 2 [2] 1.339 [0.073] 330.810 Independence
  1. n is the number of data points. SE, standard error of mean; CI, confidence interval; QIC, quasi-information criterion; IPHS, Indian Public Health Standards