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Table 3 Health and social outputs and outcomes in South African indigent households*

From: Effectiveness of a large-scale, sustained and comprehensive community health worker program in improving population health: the experience of an urban health district in South Africa

Health and social measures of change Intervention households n (%) Control households n (%)
Health and social outputs
 Access to social support services
  Households that received food parcels 24/292 (8%) 23/318 (7%)
  Members > 60 years that receive an old age grant 81/152 (53%) 38/69 (55%)
  Members < 15 years that receive a child care grant 311/392 (79%) 389/535 (73%)
  Members of all ages that receive a disability grant 21/1042 (2%) 28/1285 (2%)
  Members < 15 years that have a birth certificate 387/392 (95%) 461/535 (79%)
  Members > 15 years that have a national identity card 635/650 (95%) 659/750 (71%)
 Self-reported health seeking behavior
  Household accessing clinic care in past 12 months 127/292 (43%) 226/318 (71%)
  Family planning in 18- to 50-year-old female household respondents 92/135 (68%) 143/186 (77%)
  Respondents health awareness and knowledge (based on knowledge score)**
  Awareness of HIV status in 18- to 50-year-old household respondents 153/155 (99%) 213/219 (97%)
  Knew signs of TB 287/292 (98%) 309/318 (97%)
  Knowledge on hypertension in household respondents 272/288 (94%) 293/315(93%)
  Knowledge on diabetes in household respondents 246/288 (85%) 273/315 (87%)
  Knew importance of child immunization in household respondents 270/288 (94%) 304/315 (97%)
Health outcomes
 Self-reported morbidity (from household interviews)
  Number of members 15–60 years with chronic condition diagnosed and on treatment 123/498 (25%) 101/698 (14%)
  Number of members > 60 years with chronic condition diagnosed and on treatment 81/152 (53%) 28/69 (41%)
  Households with (any) chronic condition well controlled over last 12 months 220/292 (75%) 210/318 (66%)
  Number of members < 5 years immunized 110/150 (73%) 160/236 (72%)
  Number of pregnant women who accessed early antenatal care (< 20 weeks) 8/11 (73%) 19/31 (61%)
  1. *Shaded areas represent more than 5% differences between the two groups of households
  2. ** Respondents were asked a specific question