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Table 1 Articles related to infectious disease outbreaks

From: Health workforce strategies in response to major health events: a rapid scoping review with lessons learned for the response to the COVID-19 pandemic

Infectious disease outbreaks
First author (year)
(citation)
Crisis
(year)
Types of challenges Types of strategies Provider groups Setting Type of article Types of evaluations
Booth (2005)
[12]
SARS (2003) Mass casualty/patient surge, damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, loss of workforce Increase numbers: broader scope of practice
Increase flexibility: telehealth/virtual care
Increase support: mental health counseling for front line workers
Physicians, nurses Critical care, hospitals Observational–descriptive Lessons learned
Chaple (2017)
[13]
Ebola epidemic (2013–2014) Mass casualty/patient surge, damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, loss of workforce Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions) Physicians, nurses Hospitals Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, data about workforce
Charney (2012)
[14]
H1N1 influenza (2009) Mass casualty/patient surge Increase numbers: cross-sector staff deployments
Increase flexibility: cross-sector deployment
Physicians, nurses Emergency medical services, hospitals Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, data about costs
Chin (2004)
[15]
SARS (2003) Excess staff within unit Increase flexibility: alternative deployments for health workers whose normal duties are temporarily suspended Pharmacists Hospitals Observational–descriptive Lessons learned
Chou (2010)
[16]
SARS (2003) Mass casualty/patient surge, loss of workforce Increase numbers: back-up solutions for absenteeism, dedicated hospital
Increase flexibility: rapid upskilling/reskilling existing and available workers (e.g., laid off), alternative deployments for health workers whose normal duties are temporarily suspended, expanded roles
Increase support: Mental health services, Housing for front-line workers
Nurses, military health workers Critical care, hospitals Observational–descriptive Lessons learned
Considine (2011)
[17]
H1N1 influenza (2009) Mass casualty/patient surge, loss of workforce Increase flexibility: alternative deployments for health workers with underlying health conditions, alternative deployments for health workers whose normal duties are temporarily suspended, cross-sector deployment Physicians, nurses, students Emergency medical services, hospitals Analytical–survey Data about workforce (redeployment and absenteeism)
Corley (2010)
[18]
H1N1 influenza (2009) Mass casualty/patient surge Increase numbers: overtime hours
Increase flexibility: rapid upskilling/reskilling existing and available workers (e.g., laid off), task shifting/delegation, new roles, expanded roles
Nurses Critical care, hospitals Analytical–qualitative Data about workforce experience
Crawford (2010)
[19]
H1N1 influenza (2009) Mass casualty/patient surge Increase numbers: cross-sector staff deployments
Increase flexibility: task shifting/delegation
Increase support: mandatory off duty rotation
Medical laboratory workers Diagnostic services Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, lessons learned
Cruz (2010)
[20]
H1N1 influenza (2009) Mass casualty/patient surge Increase numbers: Field hospital
Increase flexibility: alternative deployments for health workers whose normal duties are temporarily suspended
Physicians, nurses, medical laboratory workers, Emergency medical services, hospitals Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, lessons learned