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Table 3 Articles related to natural disasters

From: Health workforce strategies in response to major health events: a rapid scoping review with lessons learned for the response to the COVID-19 pandemic

Natural disasters
First author (year) Emergency
(year)
Types of challenges Types of strategies Provider groups Setting Type of article Types of evaluations
Amat Camacho (2019)
[40]
Nepal earthquake (2015) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions) Physicians, nurses, military health workers Critical care, emergency medical services, hospitals, public health Literature review and case study Data about patients/procedures, data about workforce
Burnweit (2011)
[41]
Haiti earthquake (2010) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge, unmet health and social needs Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions), International Emergency Medical Relief, Field hospital
Increase support: housing for front-line workers
Physicians, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, medical imaging workers Critical care, diagnostic services, emergency medical services, hospitals Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, Data about workforce; Challenges (pitfalls)
Catlett (2011)
[42]
Haiti earthquake (2010) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge, unmet health and social needs Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions), Naval hospital ship
Increase support: mental health support
Physicians, nurses Critical care, emergency medical services, hospitals, primary health care Observational–descriptive Challenges (barriers)/enablers (facilitators)
Chaudhary (2017)
[43]
Nepal earthquake (2015) damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions), cross-sector staff deployments
Increase flexibility: cross-sector deployments
Physicians, nurses, midwives Community health services, hospitals, other Systematic review Data about patients/procedures; data about workforce; lessons learned
Fredricks (2017)
[44]
Nepal earthquake (2015) Unmet health and social needs Increase flexibility: new roles, expanded roles Community health workers Community health services Analytical–qualitative Experiences of workers
Kondo (2019)
[45]
Japan earthquake (2016) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge, unmet health and social needs Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions), cross-sector staff deployments, Emergency Medical Relief Physicians, nurses Critical care, emergency medical services, hospitals, public health Observational–descriptive Data about workforce, data about patients/procedures, lessons learned
Lane (2006)
[46]
Indian Ocean earthquake/tsunamis (2004) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge, unmet health and social needs Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions)
Increase flexibility: expanded roles
Physicians, nurses, military health workers, dental workers Community health services, emergency medical services, other Observational–descriptive Data about workforce, lessons learned
Manning (2006)
[47]
Indian Ocean earthquake/tsunamis (2004) Unmet health and social needs Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions) Increase support: mental health services Community health workers, mental health workers, social workers Community health services, mental health services, other Observational–descriptive Challenges, lessons learned
Roshchin (2002)
[48]
India earthquake (2001) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge, unmet health and social needs, reduced workforce Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions), international humanitarian emergency response/relief Physicians, nurses, paramedics Critical care, emergency medical services, hospitals, primary health care, public health Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, challenges (problems), lessons learned
Waxman (2006)
[49]
Indian Ocean earthquake/tsunamis (2004) Damaged/reduced/insufficient facilities, mass casualty/patient surge, unmet health and social needs Increase numbers: solidarity staffing (e.g., deployments to/from other jurisdictions) Physicians, nurses, military health workers, public health workers Emergency medical services, hospitals Observational–descriptive Data about patients/procedures, data about workforce, lessons learned