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Table 10 Estimates of intervention impact on health worker outcomes—controlling for health worker characteristics (age, position, deliveries last month, and education)

From: Impact of reliable light and electricity on job satisfaction among maternity health workers in Uganda: A cluster randomized trial

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Satisfied with light and electricity Satisfied with light Satisfied with electricity Impact of lack of overhead light index Job satisfaction index
Panel A: All health workers presented at baseline
 Solar Suitcase 0.19 0.75*** 0.19 − 1.97*** 0.31**
[− 0.06, 0.44] [0.60, 0.91] [− 0.06, 0.44] [− 2.56, − 1.37] [0.09, 0.53]
 Control mean 0.04 0.04 0.04 3.29 3.18
 Observations 137 137 137 135 137
 Health workers 84 84 84 84 84
Panel B: Health workers presented at both baseline and follow-up surveys
 Solar Suitcase 0.20 0.75*** 0.20 − 1.97*** 0.31*
[− 0.08, 0.47] [0.60, 0.91] [− 0.08, 0.47] [− 2.63, − 1.31] [0.06, 0.56]
 Control mean 107 107 107 3.38 3.20
 Observations 54 54 54 105 107
 Health workers 0.04 0.04 0.04 54 54
  1. Linear models that use data from both baseline and follow-up surveys and include facility fixed effects. Results show point estimate and 95% confidence interval. Standard errors are clustered at facility level. Satisfied with light and electricity is equal to 1 if health worker strongly agrees with both (1) I am satisfied with the availability and brightness of light in this facility and (2) I am satisfied with the availability of electricity in this facility. Impact of lack of overhead light index is an index of 14 items measuring health workers’ assessment of impact of blackouts on their ability to conduct job, including how often health worker: conducted deliveries without overhead light; had to hold torch in hand to see patient; experienced lack of light that affected normal care provided; delayed care; feared to move around facility; was affected in ability to suture, find/use equipment, conduct examinations of mother, provide emergency care, provide newborn care, monitor fetal heartrate, administer medication, clean up after delivery, manage infection control. This is reversely coded so that higher score indicates more frequent negative impact. Job satisfaction index is the mean score on a 1–5 scale to four questions (1) These days, I feel motivated to work as hard as I can. (2) Overall, I am satisfied with my job. (3) Overall, the morale level at my department is good 4) I plan on staying at this position for the next year. See Table 1 in the Appendix for definitions of outcomes. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001